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Clearly, on a scale of diminution, -ino appears to have a more polar position than -ello/etto (cf.
The first combines pejorative denotation (-acci-) with morphopragmatic meaning (Dressler and Merlini Barbaresi 1994) of empathy and tenderness conveyed by -ino.
the semantic denotation of maxi is not commutable with the morphopragmatic meaning of -ino (speaker's expression of pleasure, tenderness).
They precede evaluatives and preferentially -ino and -ello, more rarely, -otto -olo -ozzo -atto, -one, -accio, with the exclusion of -etto and -uccio.
For example, -er/ar- prefers -ello, -olo and -ozzo as in fatt-er-ello 'fact', gatt-ar-ola 'cat door' and bac-ar-ozzo 'worm', and more rarely -ino; -ol preferentially precedes -ino, as in magr-ol-ino 'thin' andprat-ol-ina 'daisy', whereas -ic(i)combines well with both -ino and -ello, as in part-ic-ina 'part, role' and part-ic-ella 'particle'.
These properties make -ino a favourite choice (see [section] l.
Due to their polarity, both -ino and -one are semantically and morphotactically most efficient and transparent.
In combination with other diminutives, suffix -ino tends to collocate as final, but it does not prevent subsequent suffixation (cf.
1 The cumulation of augmentative -one and diminutive -ino (but also -etto, and -ello) creates extra complications (Dressler and Merlini Barbaresi 2010).
This general law might seem to contradict what I said of suffix -ino ([section] 3.
A wordbased diminutive formation is also possible, though, using the same sequence of -ino suffixes, as in fett-ina-ina-ina and piatt-ino-ino-ino, where the first -ino suffixation is regularly root-based (fettina, piatt-ino), whereas, in the other two occurrences -ino is attached to word bases (fettina, piattino).
In terms of affix variability within the same semantic set and permutability within a sequence, a relevant phenomenon is, for example, the greater efficiency of suffix -ino and its tendency to occur as final in a sequence.
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