-ism


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-ism

suff.
1. Action; process; practice: terrorism.
2. Characteristic behavior or quality: heroism.
3.
a. State; condition; quality: pauperism.
b. State or condition resulting from an excess of something specified: strychninism.
4. Distinctive or characteristic trait: Latinism.
5.
a. Doctrine; theory; system of principles: pacifism.
b. An attitude of prejudice against a given group: racism.

[Middle English -isme, from Old French, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos, n. suff.]

-ism

suffix forming nouns
1. indicating an action, process, or result: criticism; terrorism.
2. indicating a state or condition: paganism.
3. indicating a doctrine, system, or body of principles and practices: Leninism; spiritualism.
4. indicating behaviour or a characteristic quality: heroism.
5. indicating a characteristic usage, esp of a language: colloquialism; Scotticism.
6. indicating prejudice on the basis specified: sexism; ageism.
[from Old French -isme, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos]

ism

(ˈɪz əm)

n.
a distinctive doctrine, theory, system, or practice: capitalism, socialism, and other isms.
[< -ism]

-ism

a suffix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it was used to form action nouns from verbs (baptism); on this model, used as a productive suffix in the formation of nouns denoting action or practice, state or condition, principles, doctrines, a usage or characteristic, devotion or adherence, etc.: Darwinism; despotism; plagiarism; realism; witticism. Compare -ist, -ize.
[< Greek -ismos, -isma]
References in periodicals archive ?
All literary and artistic movements share the same fate: they end up on index cards, an -ism on the front; dates, names and adjectives on the back.
The basic lesson that modernism teaches, more clearly perhaps than any other -ism (in French studies, at least), is that one can and in fact must define each term one uses each time one uses it.
The other graphic icons include key architects, key words, other relevant -isms, and a 'don't see' icon which warns you off trying to connect the inappropriate.