-ism

(redirected from -ismus)
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-ism

suff.
1. Action; process; practice: terrorism.
2. Characteristic behavior or quality: heroism.
3.
a. State; condition; quality: pauperism.
b. State or condition resulting from an excess of something specified: strychninism.
4. Distinctive or characteristic trait: Latinism.
5.
a. Doctrine; theory; system of principles: pacifism.
b. An attitude of prejudice against a given group: racism.

[Middle English -isme, from Old French, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos, n. suff.]

-ism

suffix forming nouns
1. indicating an action, process, or result: criticism; terrorism.
2. indicating a state or condition: paganism.
3. indicating a doctrine, system, or body of principles and practices: Leninism; spiritualism.
4. indicating behaviour or a characteristic quality: heroism.
5. indicating a characteristic usage, esp of a language: colloquialism; Scotticism.
6. indicating prejudice on the basis specified: sexism; ageism.
[from Old French -isme, from Latin -ismus, from Greek -ismos]

ism

(ˈɪz əm)

n.
a distinctive doctrine, theory, system, or practice: capitalism, socialism, and other isms.
[< -ism]

-ism

a suffix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it was used to form action nouns from verbs (baptism); on this model, used as a productive suffix in the formation of nouns denoting action or practice, state or condition, principles, doctrines, a usage or characteristic, devotion or adherence, etc.: Darwinism; despotism; plagiarism; realism; witticism. Compare -ist, -ize.
[< Greek -ismos, -isma]
References in periodicals archive ?
The suffix -ismus typically carries a pejorative or ironic tone (historismus, mysticismus, Sherlockismus, snobismus).
The gap here only readmits the ironizing connotations of -ismus, undermining the murderous impulse from the outset.