increases spontaneous activity of subthalamic neurons in the rat.
The root extract of Tinospora cordifolia was found to have a normalising effect against stress induced changes in norepinephrine, dopamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine
and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid levels (Ayurvedic medicine 2011).
Changes of 5-hydroxytryptamine
and tryptophan hydroxylase expression in the ventral horn of spinal cord.
Cholinergic modulation of the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine
from the guinea pig ileum.
Differential interactions of indolealkylamines with 5-hydroxytryptamine
The list of the gene names and their abbreviation were: Calcitonin receptor (CALCR), growth factor receptor-bound protein 10 (Grb10), 5-hydroxytryptamine
(serotonin) receptor 2A (HTR2A), potassium channel, subfamily K, member 9 (KCNK9), potassium voltage-gated channel, subfamily Q, member 1 (Kcnq1), mesoderm specific transcript homolog (MEST), oxysterol binding protein-like 5 (OSBPL5), protein phosphatase 1, regulatory (inhibitor) subunit 9A (PPP1R9A), sarcoglycan, epsilon (Sgce), solute carrier family 22, member 18 (SLC22A18), and ubiquitin protein ligase E3A (UBE3A).
Abbreviations: 5-HT = 5-hydroxytryptamine
, ACC = anterior cingulate cortex, CCK = cholecystokinin, CNS = central nervous system, EAA = excitatory amino acid, ERK = extracellular signal-regulated kinase, IL = interleukin, MAPK = mitogen-activated protein kinase, mRNA = messenger ribonucleic acid, NF-[kappa]B = nuclear factor-[kappa]B, NK-1 = neurokinin-1, NMDA = N-methyl-D-aspartate, NOS = nitric oxide synthase, PPD = preprodynorphin, PPE = preproenkephalin, SCI = spinal cord injury, TNF-[alpha] = tumor necrosis factor-[alpha], VPL = ventral posterior lateral (ventroposterolateral).
For the study, the researchers engineered mice in which the expression of a serotonin receptor called 5-hydroxytryptamine
2C was blocked throughout the entire body.
As early as 2001, a series of articles was published on a range of endogenous agonists [prostaglandins (Calabrese 2001i), nitric oxide (Calabrese 2001g), estrogens and related compounds (Calabrese 2001e), androgens (Calabrese 2001c), adrenergic agonists (Calabrese 2001b), adenosine (Calabrese 2001a), 5-hydroxytryptamine
(Calabrese 2001f), dopamine (Calabrese 2001d), and opiates (Calabrese 2001h)] that display hormetic biphasic dose responses.
(5-HT) is an amine-derived neurotransmitter implicated in the regulation of a wide variety of physiological and behavioral processes of vertebrates and invertebrates (Zifa and Fillion 1992; Fingerman 1997).
The effects of different Stressors on extracellular 5-hydroxytryptamine
and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid.
Flying Hymenoptera venoms are mainly aqueous solutions that contain peptides, proteins, and vasoactive amines including acetylcholine, norepinephrine, histamine, dopamine, and 5-hydroxytryptamine