orcinol

(redirected from 5-methylresorcinol)
Also found in: Medical.

orcinol

(ˈɔːsɪˌnɒl) or

orcin

n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless crystalline water-soluble solid that occurs in many lichens and from which the dyes found in litmus are derived. Formula: CH3C6H3(OH)2
[C20: from New Latin orcina, from Italian orcello orchil]
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, the preparation of aerogels from 5-methylresorcinol (MR) and 2,6-dihydroxy-4-methylbenzoic acid (dHMBA), has been studied in our laboratory.
Recently the theoretical basis of the method was described and the characteristic constants were found using 5-methylresorcinol, the main water soluble phenolic compound produced at the retorting of kukersite, as alkylresorcinol [7].
At the same time GPC/13C NMR analysis shows that the co-condensates of methylolphenols with resorcinol and 5-methylresorcinol are quite similar with dominating content of 4,o- and 4,p-methylenes.
Trapido and Gubergrits studied the kinetics of oxidation and photooxidation of resorcinol and 5-methylresorcinol in distilled water and in model Baltic Sea water [9].
The aim of this study was to investigate the aerobic biodegradability of phenolic compounds characteristic to the oil-shale industry wastewaters--phenol, resorcinol and 5-methylresorcinol as both single and mixed substrates at different concentrations by the activated sludge of the Kohtla-Jarve WWTP and to obtain more information how these compounds influence each other's biodegradation.
If water solutions contain organic compounds strongly absorbing UV light, then UV radiation usually does not give any additional effect to ozone because of the screening of ozone from the UV by optically active compounds such as phenol, 5-methylresorcinol, xylenols, etc.
In the case of using 5-methylresorcinol, it was shown that a much shorter preparation time as well as a stiffer structure due to the additional directing methyl group were advantageous compared to the use of resorcinol [4].
In Estonia, 5-methylresorcinol (MR) as a by-product of the oil-shale industry is a cheap source material for this purpose.
5-methylresorcinol is an alternative precursor for aerogel preparation because its molecular structure is similar to other precursors used for this purpose.
This set includes altogether 9 different phenolic compounds: 5 monobasic phenols (phenol, p-cresol; 2,4-dimethylphenol; 2,3-dimethylphenol; 3,4-dimethylphenol) and 4 dibasic phenols (resorcinol, 5-methylresorcinol, 2,5-dimethylresorcinol and 5-ethylresorcinol).
3] per day, containing 300-500 mg/L phenols, including relatively stable 5-methylresorcinol and p-cresol, sulphide ions, polyaromatic hydrocarbons and other toxic compounds [3], are one of the greatest sources of contamination of surroundings and water in the region close to the Finnish Gulf and cause a high load on the wastewater purification system.
During the period of 1991-1998 intensive studies on chemical oxidation of different phenolic effluents (containing phenol, cresols, resorcinols, 5-methylresorcinol, etc.

Full browser ?