aberration

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Related to Abberation: chromatic aberration, spherical aberration

ab·er·ra·tion

 (ăb′ə-rā′shən)
n.
1. A deviation from what is typical or normal: an election that was an aberration from usual state politics. See Synonyms at deviation.
2. A departure from what is considered natural or proper: "Throughout history, the beast with a taste for human flesh has been regarded as an aberration, even as an outlaw" (Philip Caputo).
3. An abnormal, usually temporary alteration in one's mental state.
4.
a. A defect of focus, such as blurring in an image.
b. An imperfect image caused by a physical defect in an optical element, as in a lens.
5. The apparent displacement of the position of a celestial body in the direction of motion of an observer on Earth, caused by the motion of Earth and the finite velocity of light.
6. Genetics A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.

[Latin aberrātiō, aberrātiōn-, diversion, from aberrātus, past participle of aberrāre, to go astray : ab-, away from; see ab-1 + errāre, to stray; see ers- in Indo-European roots.]

aberration

(ˌæbəˈreɪʃən)
n
1. deviation from what is normal, expected, or usual
2. departure from truth, morality, etc
3. a lapse in control of one's mental faculties
4. (General Physics) optics a defect in a lens or mirror that causes the formation of either a distorted image or one with coloured fringes. See also spherical aberration, chromatic aberration
5. (Astronomy) astronomy the apparent displacement of a celestial body due to the finite speed of light and the motion of the observer with the earth

ab•er•ra•tion

(ˌæb əˈreɪ ʃən)

n.
1. deviation from the usual or normal course.
2. deviation from the usual or normal type.
3. deviation from truth or moral rectitude.
4. mental unsoundness, esp. of a minor or temporary nature; mental lapse.
5. apparent displacement of a heavenly body, owing to the motion of the earth in its orbit.
6. any disturbance of the rays of a pencil of light such that they can no longer be brought to a sharp focus or form a clear image.
[1585–95; < Latin aberrātiō <aberrā(re) (see aberrant)]
ab`er•ra′tion•al, adj.

ab·er·ra·tion

(ăb′ə-rā′shən)
1. A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
2. The failure of a lens, mirror, or telescope to bring rays of light coming from a source, such as a star, to a single focus, causing a distorted or blurred image.

aberration

Apparent changes in the position of a celestial body, brought about by the movement of the earth in relation to it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aberration - a state or condition markedly different from the normaberration - a state or condition markedly different from the norm
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly, chromosonal disorder, chrosomal abnormality - any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities
deflection, warp - a twist or aberration; especially a perverse or abnormal way of judging or acting
2.aberration - a disorder in one's mental stateaberration - a disorder in one's mental state  
folie, mental disorder, mental disturbance, psychological disorder, disturbance - (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
3.aberration - an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good imageaberration - an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image
chromatic aberration - an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
optical phenomenon - a physical phenomenon related to or involving light
spherical aberration - an optical aberration resulting in a distorted image

aberration

noun
1. anomaly, exception, defect, abnormality, inconsistency, deviation, quirk, peculiarity, divergence, departure, irregularity, incongruity The incident was not just an aberration, not just a single incident.
2. oddity, abnormality, rarity, peculiarity, phenomenon, freak Single people are treated as an aberration and made to pay extra.
3. lapse, mistake, error an aberration of judgment

aberration

noun
1. A departing from what is prescribed:
3. Psychology. Serious mental illness or disorder impairing a person's capacity to function normally and safely:
Psychiatry: mania.
Psychology: alienation.
Translations
аберация
aberraatioajatusvirheeksyminenerehdyshairahdus
aberrációtévelygéstévút
quang sai

aberration

[ˌæbeˈreɪʃən] Naberración f
mental aberrationenajenación f mental

aberration

[ˌæbəˈreɪʃən] nanomalie f
in a moment of aberration → dans un moment d'égarement
a temporary aberration → un moment de folie

aberration

nAnomalie f; (Astron, Opt) → Aberration f; (in statistics, from course) → Abweichung f; (= mistake)Irrtum m; (moral) → Verirrung f; in a moment of (mental) aberration (inf)in einem Augenblick geistiger Verwirrung; I must have had an aberration (inf)da war ich wohl (geistig) weggetreten (inf); the housing scheme is something of an aberration (inf)die Wohnsiedlung ist (ja) eine Geschmacksverirrung (inf)

aberration

[ˌæbəˈreɪʃn] naberrazione f
in a moment of mental aberration → in un momento di aberrazione mentale
a youthful aberration → una follia or un errore giovanile

ab·er·ra·tion

n. aberración.
1. visión defectuosa o imperfecta;
chromatic ______ cromática
2. desviación de lo normal;
3. trastorno mental;
mental ______ mental.
References in classic literature ?
You will the more easily condone any mental abberation upon your own part when you realize that even I have had moments when my balance has been disturbed.
Mr Cleasby added: "I ask the court to deal with this as an abberation committed once and never repeated, although he has continued to deny it.
In myth the monster is born out of a violation of the natural order of things and it is the role of the hero, in killing this abberation, to restore a balance and order which had been lost.
7 NEIL TAYLOR Saw his flank opened up early on but it was a rare abberation.
Since August last year, Baosteel gradually introduces same project color coated product chromatic abberation management, aimed at in-depth understanding of users' needs and promoting lean management.
Three players came into the fray following the Turf Moor abberation.
Skipper PHIL NEVILLE was quick to defend his distraught team-mate after Atkinson's abberation.
However, there is one somewhat tragic abberation, namely the advent of the ASEAN singsongs, involving truly excruciating performances by Ministers and officials of many countries, who each time vow "never ever again"
Jockey Peter Gehm on his abberation aboard Czech star Registana in the Cheltenham cross-country race
At this point discomfort (OK, excrutiating embarrassment) necessitated my paying a birthday visit to the bar, from which point, through the piped music system, I could hear most clearly the night's worst abberation, the thwack of a 1980s electronic snare drum.