ablative absolute

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ab·la·tive absolute

In Latin grammar, an adverbial phrase syntactically independent from the rest of the sentence and containing a noun or pronoun plus an adjunct, usually a participle or adjective, with both elements in the ablative case.

ablative absolute

(Grammar) an absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, "the enemy having been beaten"

ab′lative ab′solute

(in Latin) a grammatical construction independent of the rest of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, both in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā “the road having been made.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ablative absolute - a constituent in Latin grammar; a noun and its modifier can function as a sentence modifier
grammatical constituent, constituent - (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction