Abney level


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Abney level

(ˈæbnɪ)
n
(Surveying) a surveying instrument consisting of a spirit level and a sighting tube, used to measure the angle of inclination of a line from the observer to another point
[C20: named after Sir William Abney (1843–1920), British chemist and physicist]
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Noun1.Abney level - a surveying instrument consisting of a spirit level and a sighting tubeAbney level - a surveying instrument consisting of a spirit level and a sighting tube; used to measure the angle of inclination of a line from the observer to the target
surveyor's level - surveying instrument consisting basically of a small telescope with an attached spirit level rotating around a vertical axis; for measuring relative heights of land
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Other prerequisites include the ability to do the following: identify common forage grasses and legumes; use a soil survey; know how to do RUSLE calculations; be able to use an Abney level or clinometer, and know how to interpret features on an aerial photograph.
Abney levels are hand-held levels, but they are more sophisticated than hand levels.
Foresters usually use Abney levels, clinometers, hypsometers, or transits to determine the height.