Acheulian


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Related to Acheulian: Oldowan, Acheulean Tool Kit

A·cheu·li·an

also A·cheu·le·an  (ə-sho͞o′lē-ən)
adj.
Of or relating to a stage of tool culture of the Lower Paleolithic Period between the second and third interglacial periods, characterized by flaked bifacial hand axes.

[French acheuléen, after St. Acheul, a hamlet in northern France.]

Acheulian

(əˈʃuːlɪən; -jən) archaeol or

Acheulean

n
1. (Archaeology) (in Europe) the period in the Lower Palaeolithic following the Abbevillian, represented by the use of soft hammerstones in hand axe production made of chipped stone, bone, antler, or wood. The Acheulian dates from the Riss glaciation
2. (Archaeology) (in Africa) the period represented by every stage of hand axe development
adj
(Archaeology) of or relating to this period
[C20: after St Acheul, town in northern France]

Acheulian

Belonging to a period of the Paleolithic Age during which symmetrical stone axes were made.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bone was found near sites where the earliest Acheulian tools --stone implements that include hand axes more than 1,600,000 years old--have appeared.
Ee The layer of earth containing the elephant remains and flints is overlain by a higher level of sediment, rich in so-called Acheulian tool types -- handaxes of various forms from later in the same interglacial.
Magnetostratigraphy of the Evron Member--implications for the age of the Middle Acheulian site of Evron Quarry.
East Africa has yielded the oldest known stone hand axes and picks, examples of what researchers call the Acheulian industry.
Their topics include tectonics, volcanism, and sedimentary paleo-environments during the Lower Pleistocene in the Lake Natron Basin, Tanzania; isotopic ecology and diets of fossil fauna from the T-1 paleosurface; the technology of the site complex; and the Acheulian sites from the south and north escarpments.
And the straightforward adaption of stone-working techniques to Acheulian bone tools, rather than the development of techniques better suited to exploit natural bone mechanics, also suggests a lack of foresight.
27) The gorilla carries an Acheulian biface or coup de poing, a stone tool now associated with the early hominid Homo erectus.
We know he was here because he left us what the dry-as-bones textbooks call ``a characteristic specimen of a Middle Acheulian hand axe''.
Avi Gopher of TAU's Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies examined the published data, which described animal bones associated with Homo erectus at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in Israel, they found that elephant bones made up only two to three percent the total.
Archaeologists categorize stone hand axes and related implements as Acheulian tools.