In 1916 as Futurism, Acmeism
, all the -isms have started to swirl, the stage was set for Ezra Pound to clamor for artists to "Make it new
A number of poetic movements in the early part of the twentieth century advocated the centrality of surface meanings, including Russian Acmeism
and Anglo-American Imagism, neither of which trends went unnoticed in Yiddish literary circles.
Rusinko focuses on Mandelstam's revision of symbolist principles--which were primarily derivative of Nietzsche's fascination with Dionysus--in adherence to Nietzsche's Apollonian pole; she argues that acmeism
"contributed an original interpretation of Nietzsche that emphasized the Apollonian principle over the Dionysian in style and philosophy.
TV: There is a famous definition by Osip Mandelstam of Acmeism
(an early-twentieth-century Russian poetic movement): "a longing for world culture.
Their relationship to the late nineteenth/early twentieth century Silver Age poetic movements of Symbolism, Acmeism
, and Futurism is attenuated.
was an important school of early 20'h century Russian poetry, analogous to imagism in its rejection of symbolism and embrace of concrete imagery.
With its poured concrete floor, whitewashed drywall, and fluorescent tube lighting, the setting couldn't have been farther from the bars and back rooms that--as suggested by the show's books, photographs, and sound recordings--had housed the readings and performances that brought Symbolism into Acmeism
, Futurism, and Dada, as well as numerous other offshoots and factions.
This idea of progress had the power to suggest a new aesthetic and gave birth to innovative artistic movements: symbolism, futurism, acmeism
, and constructivism.
Parallels between Imagism and Acmeism
have been made before, but this is the first attempt to set them firmly in an international context and to document them in detail.
and Akhmatova with their male companions Pound and Gumilev, as well as Russian Acmeism
and Anglo-American Imagism.
If Symbolism, Futurism and Acmeism
were better off with a NEP or a Five-Year Plan?
It has already lasted far longer as a structured group than any other in the history of French (or indeed, European) literature: romanticism, realism, naturalism, Parnassianism, symbolism, acmeism
, futurism, vorticism, surrealism, structuralism, telquellism--all such "doctrines" and chapels rose and fell within the span of a decade or two, and often far less.