Act of indemnity

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a statute passed for the protection of those who have committed some illegal act subjecting them to penalties.
(Law) an act or law passed in order to relieve persons, especially in an official station, from some penalty to which they are liable in consequence of acting illegally, or, in case of ministers, in consequence of exceeding the limits of their strict constitutional powers. These acts also sometimes provide compensation for losses or damage, either incurred in the service of the government, or resulting from some public measure.

See also: Act, Indemnity

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References in periodicals archive ?
It is this category of morally justified but illegal acts that an Act of Indemnity, properly so called, is meant to cover.
Argyll's friends successfully persuaded Charles to absolve him for his activities before 1651, under the Act of Indemnity for Scotland.
71) and to the Act of Indemnity and Oblivion, might serve as a focus.