actinomycete

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Related to Actinobacteria: Actinomycetes

ac·tin·o·my·cete

 (ăk-tĭn′ō-mī′sēt, ăk′tə-nō-)
n.
Any of various spore-forming, chiefly filamentous bacteria of the order Actinomycetales that are abundant in soil. Some species produce natural antibiotics, and some are human pathogens.

actinomycete

(ˌæktɪnəʊmaɪˈsiːt)
n
(Microbiology) any bacterium of the group Actinomycetes, usually filamentous in form
[C20: from actino- + -mycete]

ac•tin•o•my•cete

(ækˌtɪn oʊˈmaɪ sit, -maɪˈsit, ˌæk tə noʊ-)

n.
any of several rod-shaped or filamentous, aerobic or anaerobic bacteria of the phylum Chlamydobacteriae, or in some classification schemes, the order Actinomycetales, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and animals.
[1915–20]
ac•tin`o•my•ce′tous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.actinomycete - any bacteria (some of which are pathogenic for humans and animals) belonging to the order Actinomycetalesactinomycete - any bacteria (some of which are pathogenic for humans and animals) belonging to the order Actinomycetales
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
Actinomycetales, order Actinomycetales - filamentous or rod-shaped bacteria
streptomyces - aerobic bacteria (some of which produce the antibiotic streptomycin)
Translations
actinomycète
References in periodicals archive ?
pylori, the gastric microbiome is much more diverse, consisting of about 50 percent Actinobacteria and 25 percent Firmicutes species.
The dominant five phyla observed in stool samples have been Firmicutes , Bacteroidetes , Proteobacteria , Actinobacteria , and Fusobacteria , ranked in the order of abundance.
After 28 days of treatment, the antibiotic-treated facial skin had significantly less Actinobacteria species, including corynebacteria and propionibacteria.
Production, purification, and characterization of bioactive metabolites produced from rare actinobacteria Pseudonocardia alni.
In Hoengseong and Pyeongchang, the phylum Proteobacteria predominated, followed by Firmicutes and Actinobacteria.
Meta-transcriptomes of the hepatopancreata from crabs with and without HPND were used to explore the etiology of HPND, and found that there were no striking differences in viral and microsporidial communities in the hepatopancreata of diseased and healthy crabs, however there were significant changes in the bacterial community of diseased and healthy crabs, increase of bacteria belonging to Tenericutes and Actinobacteria phyla and decrease of bacteria belonging to the Bacteroidetes phylum in crabs with HPND was suggested to associate with HPND [4].
Actinobacteria have an unparalleled ability to produce a vast variety of secondary metabolites, such as: extracellular enzymes, pigments and terpenes.
The phyla Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes were underrepresented in WF and absent in AF (Fig.
Actinobacteria were cultivated, enumerated, and isolated using serial dilution and spread-plate techniques under normal nutrient and oligotrophic conditions.
Bile salt hydrolase enzymes have been identified mainly in anaerobes of the genera Bacteroides, Clostridium, Eubacterium, Lactobacillus, and Escherichia and a small portion of bile acid transformation could also be conducted by aerobic bacteria such as actinobacteria and proteobacteria (Nicholson et al.
Culture-dependent and culture-independent diversity of Actinobacteria associated with the marine sponge Hymeniacidon perleve from the South China Sea.