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adaptation [ˌædəpˈteɪʃən ˌædæp-]
1. the act or process of adapting or the state of being adapted; adjustment
2. something that is produced by adapting something else
3. something that is changed or modified to suit new conditions or needs
4. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Biology) Biology an inherited or acquired modification in organisms that makes them better suited to survive and reproduce in a particular environment
5. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Physiology) Physiol the decreased response of a sense organ to a repeated or sustained stimulus
6. (Psychology) Psychol (in learning theory) the weakening of a response to a stimulus with repeated presentation of the stimulus without reinforcement; applied mainly to innate responses
7. (Social Welfare) Social welfare alteration to a dwelling to make it suitable for a disabled person, as by replacing steps with ramps
ad•ap•ta•tion (ˌæd əpˈteɪ ʃən)
1. the act of adapting or the state of being adapted.
2. something produced by adapting: an adaptation of a play for television.
a. any beneficial alteration in an organism resulting from natural selection by which the organism survives and multiplies in its environment.
b. a form or structure modified to fit a changed environment.
c. the ability of a species to survive in a particular ecological niche, esp. because of alterations of form or behavior brought about through natural selection.
4. the decrease in response of sensory receptor organs, as those of vision or touch, to changed, constantly applied environmental conditions.
5. the regulating by the pupil of the quantity of light entering the eye.
6. a slow, usu. unconscious modification of individual or collective behavior in adjusting to cultural surroundings.
[1600–10; < Medieval Latin adaptātiō < Latin adaptā(re) to adapt]
cut the coat according to the cloth To live within one’s means; to adapt one-self to a situation. The implication is that given only enough cloth to make a waistcoat or vest, one cannot make a full-length coat. Thus, someone with limited funds should be prudent about expenses and not attempt to live beyond his means. Though first cited in the 16th century, the expression was already in common use at the time.
I shall cut my coat after the cloth. (John Hey wood, Dialogue Containing Proverbs and Epigrams, 1562)
stretch one’s legs according to the coverlet To live within one’s means; to adjust to a situation, especially a financial one. This uncommon expression alludes to the way in which one must conform to an undersized bed, being sure not to extend himself beyond the bounds of his coverlet, or bedspread. Figuratively, the expression implies that one must be certain not to overextend himself beyond his resources.
trim one’s sails To reshape or alter one’s opinion, position, or policy to fit the situation; to adapt one-self to the circumstances or the times. To trim the sails was originally a nautical expression meaning to adjust the sails of a ship according to the direction of the wind and the course of the vessel in order to gain the greatest possible advantage.
Thesaurus Legend: Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
1. acclimatization, naturalization, habituation, familiarization, accustomedness Most creatures are capable of adaptation when necessary.
adaptation [ˌædæpˈteɪʃən] n
[novel, play] → adaptation f
film adaptation → adaptation pour le cinÃ©ma
screen adaptation → adaptation Ã l'Ã©cran
television adaptation → adaptation pour la tÃ©lÃ©vision
(= ability to change) → adaptation f
(= modification, improvement) [machine, equipment, system] → adaptation f
(of person, plant, animal) → Anpassung f (→ to an +acc); (of machine) → Umstellung f (→ to an +acc); (of vehicle, building) → Umbau m; (of text) → Bearbeitung f; the adaptation of space technology to medical ends → die Nutzung der Raumfahrttechnik für medizinische Zwecke
adaptation [ˌædæpˈteɪʃ/ən] n → adattamento
n. adaptación, ajuste.
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