adaptive immune system


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Related to adaptive immune system: Innate immune system

adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of distinct proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens. It is one of two main components of the immune system, along with the innate immune system.
References in periodicals archive ?
APX005M targets CD40, a co-stimulatory receptor that is essential for activating both innate and adaptive immune systems.
While the innate immune system is launching its first attacks, the adaptive immune system starts to ramp up its targeted defenses that include "smart" weapons like antibodies against specific organisms and the group of immune system cells known as T-cells.
High body temperatures during flight have been demonstrated in multiple species of bats within several families (Table 1), and such high body temperature ranges increase the rate of multiple immune responses in mammals, including components of the innate and adaptive immune systems (Table 2).
B-lymphocytes are responsible for generating antibodies, while T-cells play key regulatory roles in the adaptive immune system.
This makes the virus almost invisible to the adaptive immune system, which explains why all attempts to develop an anti-HCV vaccine or therapy have failed.
Our second line of defence is made up of the cells and antibodies of our adaptive immune system.
When the immune system is addressed, the lessons often focus on the adaptive immune system and the "charismatic" T cells, B cells, and macrophage cells that comprise it.
There is mounting evidence that moderate exercise raises white blood cell count and can improve one's adaptive immune system.
In normal circumstances the innate response would abate as the adaptive immune system takes over.
Part 1 Immune responses in fish and shellfish and their implications for disease control: The innate and adaptive immune system of fish
While dCellVax operates at the level of the innate immune system, the NR2F6 program aims at directly stimulating the adaptive immune system at killing cancer.
One is called the adaptive immune system and the other is the innate immune system.

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