adenine

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ad·e·nine

 (ăd′n-ēn′, -ĭn)
n. Abbr. A
A purine base, C5H5N5, that is the constituent involved in base pairing with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA.

adenine

(ˈædənɪn; -ˌniːn; -ˌnaɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a purine base present in tissues of all living organisms as a constituent of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA and of certain coenzymes; 6-aminopurine. Formula: C5H5N5; melting pt: 360–365°C

ad•e•nine

(ˈæd n ɪn, -ˌin, -ˌaɪn)

n.
a purine base, C5H5N5, one of the fundamental components of nucleic acids, forming a base pair with thymine in DNA and pairing with uracil in RNA. Symbol: A
[< German Adenin (1885); see adeno-, -ine2]

ad·e·nine

(ăd′n-ēn′)
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pair with thymine in DNA and a base pair with uracil in RNA during transcription.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adenine - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNAadenine - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
purine - any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
Adenin
adénine
adenina
adenina
adenină
References in periodicals archive ?
Chemical and physical methods that involve deproteinization to measure intracellular concentrations also release bound forms of adenine nucleotides (Harris et al.
A distinct sequence in the adenine nucleotide translocase from Artemia franciscana embryos is associated with insensitivity to bongkrekate and atypical effects of adenine nucleotides on [Ca.
Booth and colleagues suggest that the delayed fatigue may be due to loss of adenine nucleotides needed to make ATP that occurs during the adenylate kinase reaction.
55 +/- 6% of baseline), prevented the development of diastolic contracture and coronary resistance, and reduced myocardial depletion of adenine nucleotides and purines.
HPLC methods applying the reversed phase technique, where the eluating buffer solution is supplemented by a large hydrophobic cationic, typically a tetrabutylammonium (TBA) compound, were probably first used for the separation of nucleotides by Juengling and Kammermeier (1980), who applied two separate isocreatic runs in different conditions to resolve Cr, PCr, and adenine nucleotides.
We measured by HPLC levels of adenine nucleotides, adenosine, phosphocreatine and creatine.
The channel is found in mammalian neural cells and exhibits a different sensitivity to block by various adenine nucleotides, and is activated by submicromolar [Ca].
Because AICAR inhibits AMP deaminase (AMPDA), an increased AICAR level leads to the release of intracellular adenine nucleotides and adenosine, either or both, into the extracellular space.
The effect of graduated exercise on the concentration of adenine nucleotides in plasma.
These reactions lead to catabolic end-products that are washed out of the cell with a subsequent loss in purines and adenine nucleotides.