adoptionism

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adoptionism

(əˈdɒpʃənɪzəm)
n
an early Greek theology that Jesus was a man gifted with divine powersthe later belief (from the 8th century) that Jesus was only the adopted, not true, son of God

adoptionism

the 8th-century heretical doctrine that Christ in His human nature was the son of God only by adoption; that in His spiritual nature, however, He was truly God’s son. Also adoptianism. — adoptionist, n., adj.
See also: Christ
References in periodicals archive ?
Adoptionists (note Theodotus) believed the human Jesus became a divine person at baptism, or even more likely after the resurrection.
Strange as it may seem to some readers, the rather structured Roukema approved both the adoptionist and the catholic Christology.
Orbe concludes that although Irenaeus may have used the ideology and vocabulary of the eighth-century adoptionists, when he distinguishes between the Son of God and the Son of Man he means to express only the idea of the two natures.
Second, this theological link is indicative of an historical link of the Spanish adoptionists with Eastern thought, so that the eighth-century adoptionist crisis in the West was simply a repeat of the earlier controversy in the East.
What is distinctive, however, is Grant's particular focus on Galen, an obvious favourite of his, and his demonstration of the importance of Galen's literary-critical methods and logic and their direct influence on Christians, particularly the Adoptionists of Rome.