Ten-year-old Edgar of Aetheling
was trying his best to get in on the act - and then there was William of Normandy from across the Channel.
Cultivating fields that their colleague Reuter had plowed before dying suddenly, medievalists explore problems in comparative history, Charlemagne and the paradoxes of power, the aetheling
Aethelwold and West Saxon royal succession 899-902, the Sonderweg and other myths in Ottonian history, Henry II and Frederick Barbarossa as seen by their contemporaries, the ideology of the 10th-century Benedictine reform, chapters in the life of archbishop Daibert, editing a medieval text as demonstrated on work by Nicholas of Clairvaux, and Timothy Reuter and the edition of Wibald of Stavelot's letter collection for the Momumenta Germaniae Historica.
Ryan Lavelle explores the different understandings of rebellion, comparing the case of the AEtheling
AEthelwold in 899-902 with contemporary Ottonian uprisings, while Patricia Skinner examines the disparate treatments of the career of Archbishop Daibert of Pisa, who became Patriarch of Jerusalem.
In fact, on the basis of primogeniture, the royal succession in England should have passed on the death of King Edmund Ironside in 1016 to his sons Edmund (who died without issue) and Edward, and on Edward's death in 1057 to his son, Edgar the Aetheling
and after Edgar's death (without issue) in 1125 to his nephew, David 1, King of Scots.
Claimants had to prove links to either King Harold, Edward the Confessor, Edgar the Aetheling
or Alfred the Great.
We can perhaps best begin with the nature of the claim: the first wife of Malcolm Canmore was Ingibjorg, a widow or daughter of Thorfinn, earl of Orkney; his second wife was Margaret, a Saxon princess, the sister of Edgar AEtheling
who had fled north following the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
In a potted biography issued with the calendar of anniversary events, the anniversary organisers confidently state that Margaret was born in Hungary in 1047, the daughter of Edward Aetheling
and Agatha, 'a Hungarian princess'.
Nine per cent could identify Harald Hardrada, King of Norway, who attempted to regain the Viking kingdom of England, and just three per cent named Edgar the Aetheling
, Edward's closest living relative.
They had to prove they had a link to either King Harold, Edward the Confessor, Edgar the Aetheling
or Alfred the Great.
Howlett finds the name "AEthelstan" hidden in the text and argues that Beowulf was either composed by King Alfred's chaplain AEthelstan or possibly "as a present to AEthelstan aetheling
in 897" (540), perhaps with "inculcating heroic behavior" in mind (537).
His great-nephew Edgar the Aetheling
, known as the "lost king" of England, was chosen to succeed him, but was never crowned.
Wealtheow had said men would praise the aetheling
Beowulf even so far as the walls bounded by the sea (1223-24).