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or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.


(ˈɑːksʊm) or


(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem


or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kuwait has agreed to lend $22m towards funding a clean and sustainable water project in Aksum in northern Ethiopia.
The language, once the official language of the Kingdom of Aksum, is now used primarily for liturgical purposes.
In fact, the Kingdom of Aksum, which is located in present-day Ethiopia and Eritrea, was the second nation (after Armenia) to adopt Christianity as the state religion in the fourth century.
Greek traders recorded that Aksum was the centre of an African empire that had trade links with India, Arabia, Rome, Egypt and Persia as well as Greece.
Foundations of an African civilisation: Aksum & the northern Horn 1000 BC-AD 1300.
What is certain is that Lalibela was the capital of Ethiopia for a while, as Aksum had been before, that it had an important political function at a national level, and that at its core, King Lalibela was its moving spirit.
Ancient Ethiopia: Aksum, Its Antecedents and Successors.
Neglected monuments, such as the giant stealae of Aksum, the mountain palace at Sigiriya, and the Colossal Buddha of Bamiyan, are set beside the Baths of Caracalla in Rome and the magnificent palace of Persepolis.
We would travel in the Embassy Land Rover to such exotic places as Rift Valley, Dire Dawa and Aksum and on to Eritrea on the Red Sea.
The Aksum dynasty began its demise in the 12th century, due in part to the spread of Islam and the rise in power of Arab interests.
The ancient Nile River civilizations of Egypt, Nubia and Aksum are explored in the first, while the second pays closer attention to Mall, Ghana and Songhai.
Interestingly, there is not a trace of evidence that coffee was drunk in the Aksum empire itself, so even though the plant itself originated in Ethiopia it would appear that drinking coffee was not but, instead, was introduced back into the region from Arabia.