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or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.


(ˈɑːksʊm) or


(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem


or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
References in periodicals archive ?
Du would have left from the ancient port of Adulis, the outlet to the sea of the Aksumite Kingdom.
The term "al-Najashi" has the variant al-Negashi; it corresponds to the ancient Aksumite title Negus, with the variant Negash.
Then, Aksumite civilization is presented via a series of chapters, each focusing on a specific cultural aspect.
From a wide range of possibilities (Yule 2009, 2012) it is argued that the likely age range can be narrowed to the short period between the Aksumite victory over Himyar in AD 525 and the downfall of Zafar and the decline of the .
Aksum invaded South Arabia several times during late antiquity, the invasions of 518 and 525 in the reign of the Aksumite king Kaleb being the main focus of this dissertation.
The original church of Saint Mary of Zion was built in the fourth century during the reign of King Ezana, who converted the Aksumite kingdom to Christianity after he himself was converted by two Syrian Christian priests who told him about the life of Jesus Christ.
Hatke, "Africans in Arabia Felix: Aksumite Relations with the Arabian Peninsula, 200-800 CE" (Ph.
When did the Southern Arabian and Ethiopian cultures begin to intermingle and provide a bridge between the highly-developed Aksumite pattern of building with its remarkable funerary stelae and the basilical-style of the first church buildings that followed the adoption of the Christian faith by the king in Aksum?
Unfortunately, little is known about them -- how or why they were constructed, the rituals associated with them, how they relate to the adjacent tombs, or Aksumite life in general.
It was likely an Aksumite administrative centre that also had a significant Pre-Axumite settlement that has been dated to approximately 500 BC by the French archaeologist Francis Anfray (1967; 1974), suggesting that the communities around today's Asmara were the first in the region to show an organic growth toward demographic complexity.