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or Ax·um  (äk′so͞om′)
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century ad, it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia. According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem and placed in the Church of Saint Mary of Zion, where the rulers of Ethiopia were crowned.


(ˈɑːksʊm) or


(Placename) an ancient town in N Ethiopia, in the Tigre region: capital of the Aksumite Empire (1st to 6th centuries ad). According to tradition, the Ark of the Covenant was brought here from Jerusalem


or Ax•um

(ˈɑk sʊm)

a town in N Ethiopia: the capital of an ancient kingdom 1st to c7th centuries b.c.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the homilies are translated from the Greek, he says, but probably belong to the literature of the Aksumite Era.
The existing religious-based relation was scaled up when the Byzantine Empire based in "Constantinople drew Aksumite Kings into the political and economic strategy of the East, which involved around Byzantine-Persia rivalry" (Erlich 1994, 4).
Hence, it may be supposed that the decline and collapse of the Meroitic kingdom was, at least partly, brought about not only by the Noba occupation of Meroitic territories and Aksumite incursions, but also by a social, political and cultural imbalance caused by the presence of un-acculturated or superficially acculturated Noba settlers on Meroitic territory.
108-9), but Aksumite Christianity was not the only post-Second Temple religious community that treasured, preserved, and transmitted lore commonly associated with Jubilees or other Second Temple-period texts.
Du would have left from the ancient port of Adulis, the outlet to the sea of the Aksumite Kingdom.
The term "al-Najashi" has the variant al-Negashi; it corresponds to the ancient Aksumite title Negus, with the variant Negash.
In Ethiopia, a long-standing tradition and pride that dates back to the Aksumite empire more than 2 000 years ago, and the fact that Ethiopia is the only African state that has never been colonised, make it almost unimaginable for Ethiopia's leadership to cede sovereignty.
Then, Aksumite civilization is presented via a series of chapters, each focusing on a specific cultural aspect.
The original church of Saint Mary of Zion was built in the fourth century during the reign of King Ezana, who converted the Aksumite kingdom to Christianity after he himself was converted by two Syrian Christian priests who told him about the life of Jesus Christ.
Tigray was previously part of the Aksumite Empire, a wealthy northeast African trading nation that came to power around the first century AD.
Hatke, "Africans in Arabia Felix: Aksumite Relations with the Arabian Peninsula, 200-800 CE" (Ph.
When did the Southern Arabian and Ethiopian cultures begin to intermingle and provide a bridge between the highly-developed Aksumite pattern of building with its remarkable funerary stelae and the basilical-style of the first church buildings that followed the adoption of the Christian faith by the king in Aksum?