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The members of a Catharist religious sect of southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries, exterminated by the Inquisition for heresy.

[Medieval Latin Albigēnsēs, pl. of Albigēnsis, inhabitant of Albiga, Albi, a town of southern France where the sect was dominant.]

Al′bi·gen′sian (-shən, -sē-ən) adj. & n.
Al′bi·gen′sian·ism n.


pl n
(Other Non-Christian Religions) members of a Manichean sect that flourished in S France from the 11th to the 13th century
[from Medieval Latin: inhabitants of Albi, from Albiga Albi]
ˌAlbiˈgensian adj
ˌAlbiˈgensianism n


(ˌæl bɪˈdʒɛn siz)
members of an ascetic Christian sect that arose in Albi in the 11th century and was destroyed in the 13th century.
[< Medieval Latin Albīgēnsēs, pl. of Albīgēnsis=Albīg(a) Albi + Latin -ēnsis -ensis]
Al`bi•gen′si•an (-si ən, -ʃən) adj., n.
Al`bi•gen′si•an•ism, n.


A Cathar sect in southern France professing Manichaean dualism (good and evil of equal power, therefore denying God’s supremacy over Satan). They were savagely suppressed 1209–44.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Albigenses - a Christian religious sect in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; believers in Albigensianism
religious order, religious sect, sect - a subdivision of a larger religious group


[ˌælbɪˈdʒensiːz] NPLalbigenses mpl
References in periodicals archive ?
But the massacre at Beziers brings up yet another analytical problem in dealing with the crusade against the Albigensians.
Megivern gives bloody examples of horrible violence by popes and in the Inquisition, giving the death penalty to thousands and thousands of Christians, including Jan Hus, Joan of Arc, Albigensians, Waldensians, Franciscans, Knights Templars, and Anabaptists.
It is not uncommon to see them and their more radical cousins the Albigensians described in modern, informal travel guides as idealistic reformers, even as precursors of the 1960s' Age of Aquarius, who fought an unbalanced war against the material excesses and overweening power of the church of the day, only to be attacked by the unappreciative church and self-aggrandizing feudal lords.
Commenting on the death of the King of Chastel Mortel, Helen Adolf (following Carman) cites the events of Shabbat ha-Gadol at York but maintains: much more were the Albigensians in favor of suicide, and their enemies would tell such tales about them, even contrary to truth, in order to discredit them in the eyes of pious souls'.
A remarkable example of this procedure, which is also characteristic of his methods, is his treatment of the troubles of the Provencal Jews with the Dominican Inquisition during the struggles of the church with the Albigensians or Cathari.
Thomas confronted with the same forces in the form of the Albigensians and Averroists.
In addition to frayed morality, an equally prominent reason was contemporary antisacramental movements, especially the Cathari, known as the Albigensians in southern France and as the Patarenes in Lombardy, who rejected the flesh and material creation as evil, concluding about sacraments that God does not act through evil instruments.
Dominic received the rosary from the Blessed Virgin in a vision while trying to convert the Albigensians in 1208.
Grenke's description of Christians who hunted and killed witches as being motivated by fear that nonconformity might lead to the destruction of Christianity is undoubtedly true; but it is a conclusion out of context with consideration of medieval campaigns against Albigensians, heretics of all sorts, Marranos, and others who were seen as a danger to Christianity.
Louis VIII of France razed Avignon to the ground in 1226 when it sided with the Albigensians.
The misguided Albigensians taught that matter was evil and rejected marriage altogether because it brought new material beings into the world.
Sermon 8, which was preached before a university audience when he incepted in theology, is notable for an aside, probably belonging to a period after the de Montfort crusade, in which he reckons that there are fewer Albigensians around than there used to be.