The orientation of the Gesu on its small piazza, its single nave plan and barrel-vaulted ceiling, and the sober, elegant fagade designed by the late Renaissance architect Giacomo della Porta (1532-1602) were all dictated by the church's powerful and imperious benefactor, Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(1520-89), whose munificence is prominently commemorated in inscriptions on the exterior frieze and interior entrance wall.
Here, we find the unfinished Biblical epic Josephus, dedicated to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
and centering on the Old Testament story of Joseph and Potiphar's Wife.
Antes de abordar a los musicos en cuestion, veamos el perfil del pio Alessandro Farnese
(1468-1549), el honorable sujeto que en su veste de Paulo III ideo la distincion nobiliaria que elevaba al rango de caballero a sus elegidos.
Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
who, as Paul III from 1534 to 1549, was the great patriarch of the illustrious family and is remembered as one of the Renaissance's greatest popes.
An apostate from Judaism in his twenties, Tremellius' legend would have him converted to Christianity by no less a figure than Alessandro Farnese
, the future pope Paul III, protagonist of the Counter Reformation and convener of the Council of Trent, or, alternatively, in the circle of the less than orthodox English cardinal Reginald Pole (at one juncture a plausible candidate for the papacy, towards the end of his life summoned--in vain--to give an account of his stewardship before the Roman Inquisition).
Villa Farnese, for instance, was built in the second half of the 16th centuryAuthe denouement of the Italian High RenaissanceAuby Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
, a grandson of Pope Paul III, who granted the young man lucrative bishoprics all over France and Italy.
After Clement's death in 1534 Alessandro Farnese
was elected Paul III.
Entries held during the reign of Henry II are likewise central to Richard Cooper's essay, but rather than examine royal entries, Cooper turns his attention to the two entries staged for the papal legate Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
Ercole Gonzaga was an intriguing man, a resident bishop who insisted on the maintenance of moral standards by his clergy yet was the father of at least four children, a pluralist and trader in benefices yet a reformer and a "good Catholic" who was a political enemy of Pope Paul III and his grandson Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
A second essay describes the tension between the Jesuits and Cardinal Alessandro Farnese
(the imperious patron of Gesu--the Jesuit's most important church in Rome).
The grandest apartments were those of Alessandro Farnese
, Pope Paul III (r.
had become pope in 1534 at the age of sixty-six.