aldehyde

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Related to Alkanal: Alkanol, Alkanone

al·de·hyde

 (ăl′də-hīd′)
n.
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids.

[German Aldehyd, from New Latin al. dehyd., abbr. for alcohol dehydrogenātum, dehydrogenized alcohol.]

aldehyde

(ˈældɪˌhaɪd)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. (Chemistry) (modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO: aldehyde group or radical.
[C19: from New Latin al(cohol) dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
aldehydic adj

al•de•hyde

(ˈæl dəˌhaɪd)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds containing the group −CHO, which yields acids when oxidized and alcohols when reduced.
[1840–50; < New Latin al(cohol)dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
al`de•hy′dic, adj.

al·de·hyde

(ăl′də-hīd′)
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds containing the group CHO. Aldehydes are used in resins, dyes, and organic acids.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
ethanal trimer, paraldehyde - a colorless liquid (a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde) that is used as a sedative and a solvent
acetaldehyde, ethanal - a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in the manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
formaldehyde, methanal - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
furfural, furfuraldehyde - a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde - a sweet crystalline aldehyde formed by the breakdown of sugars
propanal, propionaldehyde - a colorless liquid aldehyde
acrolein, propenal - a pungent colorless unsaturated liquid aldehyde made from propene
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The genes coding for the luciferase [alkanal monooxygenase subunit alpha (luxA) [9] and alkanal monooxygenase subunit beta (luxB)] are linked to those coding for the fatty acid reductase complex [fatty acid reductase (luxC); acyl transferase (luxD); and acyl-protein synthetase (long-chain-fatty-acid-luciferin-component ligase) (luxE)], which catalyzes the production of luciferin from the fatty acid pool (11).
Lipid peroxidation is an auto-catalytic free radical mediated destructive process, whereby polyunsaturated fatty acids in biomembranes undergo degradation to form lipid hydroperoxides, which latter decompose to form a wide variety of products including ketones, fatty acids, low molecular weight hydrocarbons, alkenols and alkanals, in particular malonaldehyde (MDA) (Zeyuan et al.
Preanalytical factors aside [8-10], interfering chromogens include several other ordinary side-products of lipid autooxidation, alkanals, alkenals, and alkadienals as well as bile pigments, cyclic peroxides, carbohydrates, and amino acids X11-18].