When the Moorish Almoravid
ruler, Yusuf ibn Tashifin, finished the Alhambra Palace in Granada (southern Spain) in the 14th century, it became one of the wonders of the world.
I was transported to the Islamic Almoravid
dynasty of the 11th century while peering up at the Koutoubia mosque and tower in Marrakech, Morocco.
Tashfin, the ruler of the Almoravid
empire, wore simple woolen garments; he consumed only barley, camel meat, and milk until the end of his days.
It features over 300 works of art reflecting what Morocco has achieved during the Almoravid
, Almohad and Marinid dynasties in the fields of architecture, pottery, textile, calligraphy and books.
1085-1110) who, in turn, was overthrown by the Almoravid
Sultan aACAyAli Ibn Yousuf Ibn Tashufin (r.
He was born in Cordoba (present-day Spain), Almoravid
Empire on Passover Eve, 1138, and died in Egypt on December 12, 1204.
He likened himself to the Mahdi, a messianic figure popular with Muslim mystics, and raised an army to attack Almoravid
governors who lacked sufficient faith and rigor.
Firstly, during the Almoravid
and secondly, during the Almohad intrusions, which slowed the Christian advance by about two centuries (S.
Results of 94% gold from the crucible suggests some Tadmekka gold may also have corresponded with Almoravid
coins (average 94%: Roux & Guerra 2000).
It earns its place on this list as one of the few remaining examples of Almoravid
architecture, a style named for the Berber dynasty that once had an empire which stretched more than 3,000km north to south, extending over present-day Morocco, Mauritania, southern Spain and Portugal, western present-day Algeria, and a part of what is now Mali.
In the 11th century, the religiously conservative Almoravid
movement swept the Muslim kingdom of Andalusia in reaction to its liberal ways, especially its embrace of progressive thought and acceptance of non-Muslims.
The Berber Almoravid
dynasty engaged in military conquest and by 1106 had conquered Morocco, the Maghrib as far east as Algiers, and large parts of Spain.