Alphonse Bertillon

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Noun1.Alphonse Bertillon - French criminologist (1853-1914)
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It replaced the less reliable anthropometric system which had been developed by Alphonse Bertillion and involved recording and keeping the body measurements from people who were arrested, such as the circumference of their head.
Using these differences to formally identify a person did not start to take place until the mid-1950s, when Alphonse Bertillion, a French policeman whose father was an anthropologist interested in cataloging the differences in physical traits, saw a way to use this information to identify criminals.