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1. In addition; besides.
2. Likewise; too: If you will stay, I will also.
And in addition: It's a pretty cat, also friendly.

[Middle English, from Old English ealswā : eall, all; see al- in Indo-European roots + swā, so; see so1.]
Usage Note: Some people maintain that it is wrong to begin a sentence with also. In our 2014 survey, however, 70 percent of the Usage Panel found the usage acceptable in this example: The warranty covers all power train components. Also, participating dealers back their work with a free lifetime service guarantee. Given this high rate of acceptance, as well as the fact that it is perfectly normal to start sentences with other conjunctive adverbs such as furthermore, there seems no reason to condemn this usage of also.


(sentence modifier) in addition; as well; too
sentence connector
besides; moreover
[Old English alswā; related to Old High German alsō, Old Frisian alsa; see all, so1]


(ˈɔl soʊ)

1. in addition; too; besides: He was thin, and he was also tall.
2. likewise; in the same manner: Since you're having another cup of coffee, I'll have one also.
[1125–75; Middle English; Old English (e)alswā all (wholly or quite) so1]


tooas well

You use also, too, or as well when you are giving more information about something.

1. 'also'

Also is usually used in front of a verb. If there is no auxiliary verb, you put also immediately in front of the verb, unless the verb is be.

I also began to be interested in cricket.
They also helped out.

If the verb is be, you put also after it.

I was also an American.

If there is an auxiliary verb, you put also after the auxiliary verb.

The symptoms of the illness were also described in the book.

If there is more than one auxiliary verb, you put also after the first one.

We'll also be learning about healthy eating.

Also is sometimes put at the beginning of a clause.

She is very intelligent. Also, she is gorgeous.

Be Careful!
Don't put also at the end of a clause.

2. 'too'

You usually put too at the end of a clause.

Now the problem affects middle-class children, too.
I'll miss you, and Steve will, too.

In conversation, too is used after a word or phrase when you are making a brief comment on something that has just been said.

'His father kicked him out of the house.' – 'Quite right, too.'
'They've finished mending the road.' – 'About time, too!'

Too is sometimes put after the first noun phrase in a clause.

I wondered whether I too would become ill.
, Melissa, too, felt miserable.

However, the position of too can make a difference to the meaning of a sentence. 'I am an American too' can mean either 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American' or 'Besides having the other qualities just mentioned, I am an American'. However, 'I too am an American' can only mean 'Like the person just mentioned, I am an American'.

Don't put too at the beginning of a sentence.

For more information, see too
3. 'as well'

As well always goes at the end of a clause.

Filter coffee is better for your health than instant coffee. And it tastes nicer as well.
They will have a difficult year next year as well.
4. negatives

You don't usually use 'also', 'too', or 'as well' in negative clauses. Don't say, for example, 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry too'. You say 'I'm not hungry and she's not hungry either', 'I'm not hungry and neither is she', or 'I'm not hungry and nor is she'.

Edward wasn't at the ceremony, either.
'I don't normally drink coffee in the evening.' – 'Neither do I.'
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.also - in additionalso - in addition; "he has a Mercedes, too"



taip pat
tudipoleg tega


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] ADV
1. (gen) → también
her cousin also camesu primo también vino
2. (as linker) → además
also, I must explain thatademás debo aclarar que ...


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] adv
(= as well) → aussi, également
a pianist who also plays guitar → un pianiste qui joue également de la guitare
also available in blue and green → également disponible en vert et bleu, existe aussi en vert et bleu
It's also worth remembering that → Il est également nécessaire de se souvenir que ..., Il est aussi nécessaire de se souvenir que ...
(= furthermore) → de plus
It's a lot of work. Also, it's very tiring → Ça représente beaucoup de travail. De plus, c'est fatigant.also-ran [ˈɔːlsəʊræn] nperdant(e) m/f


auch; her cousin also came or came alsoihre Cousine kam auch; he has also been thereer ist auch (schon) dort gewesen; not only … but alsonicht nur … sondern auch; also present were …außerdem waren anwesend
(= moreover)außerdem, ferner; also, I must explain that …außerdem muss ich erklären, dass …


[ˈɔːlsəʊ] adv
a. (too) → anche, pure
her cousin also came → è venuto anche suo cugino
b. (moreover) → inoltre, anche
also, I must explain ... → (e) inoltre devo spiegare..., devo anche spiegare...


(ˈoːlsəu) adverb
in addition or besides; too. He is studying German but he is also studying French; They know him and I know him also.


أَيْضاً také også auch επίσης también myös aussi također anche ・・・も 또한 ook også również também также också เช่นกัน ayrıca cũng


adv. del mismo modo, también.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Alsos said he was protesting for his six-year-old daughter, whom he said "deserves to see Jerusalem".
There is also a woman who literally carries a log everywhere she goes, a parallel world, a demonic spirit who wears nothing but denim, a fish in a percolator, and lots of coffee and baked goods.
The editors, Gry Agnete Alsos, Ulla Hytti, and Elisabet Ljunggren, are all Nordic academic specialists in entrepreneurship, which imparts a distinctly European sensibility to the book.
On May 29, 2013, Schindler Holding AG (Schindler) issued exchangeable bonds that can be exchanged for registered shares of ALSO Holding AG (ALSO).
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) not only create a sizeable chunk of nations' wealth but also account for its preservation if managed and planned prudently and objectively.
Desserts include a pretty evil total diet destroyer in the form of chocolate lava cake and for those who really wish to earn a sombrero award there is a whole list of extras that can also be piled on the plate including refried beans, jalapenos and a good selection of dips
In addition to measuring the role conflict that exists for individual family members, there is also the potential for affective conflict to occur among and between family members.
Alsos has 12 years of financial services experience.
The study is not limited only to entrepreneurs, but also aims so study the impact of age and gender on strategic innovation of top managers, middle managers, and non-managerial levels who are directly involved with the customer in micro, small and medium enterprises.
Accordingly, identifying opportunities appears as a relevant factor not only for organizations, having in view that they are in continuous process of innovation, but also for their professionals who are in continuous improvement of their functions, considering their professional weaknesses and uncertainties facing the market diverse transformations.