amyloid

(redirected from Amyloid plaques)
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Related to Amyloid plaques: amyloidosis, Neurofibrillary tangles

am·y·loid

 (ăm′ə-loid′)
n.
1. A starchlike substance.
2.
a. An insoluble, fibrous structure consisting chiefly of an aggregation of proteins arranged in beta sheets, forming extracellular deposits in organs or tissues and characteristic of certain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
b. The substance that makes up such a structure.
adj.
1. Starchlike.
2. Being or related to proteinaceous amyloid: amyloid plaque.

amyloid

(ˈæmɪˌlɔɪd)
n
1. (Biochemistry) pathol a complex protein resembling starch, deposited in tissues in some degenerative diseases
2. any substance resembling starch
adj
starchlike

am•y•loid

(ˈæm əˌlɔɪd)

n.
1. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases.
2. a nonnitrogenous food consisting esp. of starch.
adj.
3. of, resembling, or containing amylum.
[1855–60]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amyloid - a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
amylum, starch - a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
2.amyloid - (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
Adj.1.amyloid - resembling starch
starchy - consisting of or containing starch; "starchy foods"
Translations

am·y·loid

n. amiloide, proteína que se asemeja a los almidones;
___ degenerationdegeneración ___;
___ diseaseenfermedad ___;
___ kidneyriñón ___;
___ nephrosisnefrosis ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
1, 2016, highlighted an academic article on "the antibody aducanumab" which reduces beta amyloid plaques in the brain.
amyloid plaques from accumulating in the brain, both of which could cause the degeneration of the central nervous system and lead to dementia as a result.
Early participants in the study will undertake a brain scan to determine if they have amyloid plaques, a sticky build-up which can accumulate on nerve cells around the brain.
Exactly what causes the cells to die is not known, but many years before the first symptoms present themselves, pathological changes occur, such as the deposition of the protein amyloid in the form of amyloid plaques, the accumulation of tau proteins and inflammatory changes that eventually degrade the points of contact between neurons.
Recently, there have been advances in imaging tools that can detect evidence of amyloid plaques in the brain, and in drugs to help reduce those plaques.
While the mouse models of Alzheimer's disease that express the gene variants causing the inherited early-onset form of the disease do develop amyloid plaques in their brains and memory deficits, the neurofibrillary tangles that cause most of the damage do not appear.
London, March 17 ( ANI ): Researchers have said that amyloid plaques, a hallmark of diseases like Alzheimer's, may have acted as a catalyst to help trigger the reactions that sustain life.
Relative amounts of "good" and "bad" cholesterol in the blood influence the build-up of harmful protein deposits in the brain called beta amyloid plaques, a study found.
The ability to detect or exclude the presence of beta amyloid plaques in the brain may help physicians make more accurate assessments of patients with suspected cognitive disorders, including AD.
Current Alzheimer's drugs aim to reduce amyloid plaques, sticky deposits that build up in the brain and are a visual trademark of the disease.
The increased production of beta amyloid which may form amyloid plaques is a main characteristic of AD.
The research showed that people who slept less efficiently or woke up more than five times an hour were likely to have amyloid plaques, proteins associated with the disease, in their brain.