amyloid

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Related to Amyloid protein: Tau protein, Amyloid precursor protein

am·y·loid

 (ăm′ə-loid′)
n.
1. A starchlike substance.
2.
a. An insoluble, fibrous structure consisting chiefly of an aggregation of proteins arranged in beta sheets, forming extracellular deposits in organs or tissues and characteristic of certain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
b. The substance that makes up such a structure.
adj.
1. Starchlike.
2. Being or related to proteinaceous amyloid: amyloid plaque.

amyloid

(ˈæmɪˌlɔɪd)
n
1. (Biochemistry) pathol a complex protein resembling starch, deposited in tissues in some degenerative diseases
2. any substance resembling starch
adj
starchlike

am•y•loid

(ˈæm əˌlɔɪd)

n.
1. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases.
2. a nonnitrogenous food consisting esp. of starch.
adj.
3. of, resembling, or containing amylum.
[1855–60]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amyloid - a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
amylum, starch - a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
2.amyloid - (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
Adj.1.amyloid - resembling starch
starchy - consisting of or containing starch; "starchy foods"
Translations

am·y·loid

n. amiloide, proteína que se asemeja a los almidones;
___ degenerationdegeneración ___;
___ diseaseenfermedad ___;
___ kidneyriñón ___;
___ nephrosisnefrosis ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
The charity is currently funding a project at the University of Liverpool, led by Dr Jillian Madine, working to create a new way to track the spread of amyloid protein through the brain.
A new study finds that, in older people who show no signs of cognitive impairment, those with a sleep-wake cycle that is subtly off-kilter are more likely to have amyloid protein deposits in their brains, writes Melissa Healy A fitful night's sleep and a habit of daytime catnapping may be an early-warning sign of Alzheimer's dementia, according to new research conducted in humans and mice.
And Dr Shuzo Sakata at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow is exploring whether activating certain brain regions can reduce the build-up of amyloid protein, a key factor in Alzheimer's disease.
Solanezumab targets a build-up of amyloid protein, which forms sticky plaques between brain cells thought to eventually kill them, leading to dementia.
Contrary to the understanding that an increase in amyloid protein is the first sign of the disease, this study suggests that a decrease in blood flow in the brain may be an earlier physiological sign of Alzheimer's disease.
Brain scans identify changes in brain volume, white matter integrity, functional connectivity between brain regions, glucose metabolism and the buildup of amyloid protein plaques a hallmark of the disease.
Most of the work on developing a cure has concentrated on decreasing the formation and enhancing degradation of the amyloid protein via various different mechanisms and indeed studies using mice seem to have 'cured' the physiological changes on more than one occasion.
A newly designed membrane uses thin amyloid protein fibers to pull heavy metals and radioactive wastes out of water.
The process leads to making defective beta amyloid protein which is an iconic symptom in Alzheimer's disease.
Among the topics are conformation-dependent antibodies as tools for characterizing amyloid protein aggregates, studying the molecular determinants of protein oligomerization in neurodegenerative disorders by bimolecular fluorence complimentation, possible function and toxicity of multiple oligomeric/conformational states of the globular protein human stefin B, structure-function studies of amyloid pores in Alzheimer's Disease as a case example of neurodegenerative diseases, and studying the structure and cytotoxicity of equine lysozyme complexes with oleic acid (ELOA) using bio-imaging techniques.
In addition to causing a toxic buildup of the amyloid protein, the gene could cause neurodegeneration by some other pathway, Dr.
The findings suggest that, in addition to causing a toxic buildup of the amyloid protein, the gene could cause neurodegeneration by some other pathway, Dr.