amyloid

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Related to Amyloids: amyloidosis

am·y·loid

 (ăm′ə-loid′)
n.
1. A starchlike substance.
2.
a. An insoluble, fibrous structure consisting chiefly of an aggregation of proteins arranged in beta sheets, forming extracellular deposits in organs or tissues and characteristic of certain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
b. The substance that makes up such a structure.
adj.
1. Starchlike.
2. Being or related to proteinaceous amyloid: amyloid plaque.

amyloid

(ˈæmɪˌlɔɪd)
n
1. (Biochemistry) pathol a complex protein resembling starch, deposited in tissues in some degenerative diseases
2. any substance resembling starch
adj
starchlike

am•y•loid

(ˈæm əˌlɔɪd)

n.
1. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases.
2. a nonnitrogenous food consisting esp. of starch.
adj.
3. of, resembling, or containing amylum.
[1855–60]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amyloid - a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
amylum, starch - a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
2.amyloid - (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
Adj.1.amyloid - resembling starch
starchy - consisting of or containing starch; "starchy foods"
Translations

am·y·loid

n. amiloide, proteína que se asemeja a los almidones;
___ degenerationdegeneración ___;
___ diseaseenfermedad ___;
___ kidneyriñón ___;
___ nephrosisnefrosis ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other amyloids are infamous for building up in the brains of Alzheimer's patients, but the team put its amyloids' sticky tendrils to different use.
The latest research by Ivan Korendovych at Syracuse University in New York pointed towards amyloids containing short chains of amino acids, known as peptides, New Scientist reported.
In Alzheimer's disease, you get lots of big sticky balls of amyloid-beta, made up of many individual amyloids, which latch on to brain neurons.
1-42) is the principal species associated with senile plaque amyloids, while A?
Some infectious bacteria use amyloids to attach to host cells and to build biofilms, which are bacterial communities bound together in a film that helps resist antibiotics and immune attacks.
Desmin is a protein that forms structural filaments in heart muscle cells, while amyloids are misshapen lumps of protein deposited in tissues.
Thus, some amyloids that are typically systemic (AL, amyloid derived from transthyretin [ATTR]) in some patients may form only localized nodules or affect only a single organ in others.
London, Dec 4 (ANI): A new therapy combining a chemical commonly found in green tea with another has been found effective in preventing and destroying amyloids, involved in fatal brain disorders such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases.
He unexpectedly found that deposits of proteins known as amyloids frequently marred these brains, much as these so-called plaques riddle the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.
However, despite years of amyloid protein research, amyloids have not proven to be directly related to the etiology of AD.
The immunization tactic may also prove useful for the other diseases in which amyloids accumulate in the brain or elsewhere, notes Peter H.