Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
An adherent of a Protestant religious movement that began in 16th-century Europe, viewing baptism solely as an external sign of a believer's conscious acceptance of faith, rejecting infant baptism, advocating the separation of church from state, and practicing simple living and the shunning of nonbelievers.
[From Late Greek anabaptizein, to baptize again : Greek ana-, ana- + Greek baptizein, to baptize (from baptein, to dip).]
1. (Protestantism) a member of any of various 16th-century Protestant movements that rejected infant baptism, insisted that adults be rebaptized, and sought to establish Christian communism
2. (Protestantism) a member of a later Protestant sect holding the same doctrines, esp with regard to baptism
of or relating to these movements or sects or their doctrines
[C16: from Ecclesiastical Latin anabaptista, from anabaptīzāre to baptize again, from Late Greek anabaptizein; see ana-, baptize]
An•a•bap•tist(ˌæn əˈbæp tɪst)
1. a member of any of various 16th-century Protestant sects that baptized adult believers and advocated social reforms as well as separation of church and state.adj.
2. of or pertaining to Anabaptists or Anabaptism.
[1525–35; < New Latin anabaptista= Medieval Latin anabapt(īzāre) to rebaptize (< Late Greek anabaptizein; see ana-, baptize) + -ista -ist]