analogy

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a·nal·o·gy

 (ə-năl′ə-jē)
n. pl. a·nal·o·gies
1.
a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.
b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
3. A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.

[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.]

analogy

(əˈnælədʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2. a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system.
3. (Biology) biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4. (Logic) logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5. (Linguistics) linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use "sheeps" as the plural of "sheep" by analogy with "dog", "dogs", "cat", "cats", etc.
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous]
analogical, ˌanaˈlogic adj
ˌanaˈlogically adv
aˈnalogist n

a•nal•o•gy

(əˈnæl ə dʒi)

n., pl. -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2. similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between our situations.
3. a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin (opposed to homology).
4. a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as shoes.
5. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
[1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek]

analogy

- Comes from Greek analogia, "a proportion," such as 2/10 = 10/X, a way of calculating unknown quantities.
See also related terms for proportion.

analogy

an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; in literature, the basis for metaphor and simile. — analogie, analogical, adj.
See also: Agreement
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. — analogous, adj.
See also: Argumentation

analogy

Comparison made between two or more things in order to show their similarity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in othersanalogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
2.analogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respectanalogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
3.analogy - the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"

analogy

noun similarity, relation, comparison, parallel, correspondence, resemblance, correlation, likeness, equivalence, homology, similitude The analogy between music and fragrance has stuck.

analogy

noun
Translations
аналогияподобие
analogie
analogija
analogi

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] Nanalogía f; (= similarity) → semejanza f
by analogy with; on the analogy ofpor analogía con
to argue from or by analogyrazonar por analogía
to draw an analogy betweenseñalar una semejanza entre

analogy

[əˈnælədʒi] nanalogie f
to draw an analogy between sth and sth → établir une analogie entre qch et qch
by analogy → par analogieanal-retentive [ˌeɪnəlrəˈtɛntɪv] adj
(PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY)qui fait une fixation au stade anal
(pejorative)maniaque

analogy

nAnalogie f; arguing by analogy one could claim that …analog könnte man behaupten; to draw an analogyeine Analogie herstellen, einen analogen Vergleich ziehen; on the analogy ofanalog zu, nach dem Muster (+gen); it’s an argument by analogyes ist ein Analogiebeweis, es ist eine analoge Argumentation

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] nanalogia
to draw an analogy between → fare un'analogia tra

analogy

n. analogía, semejanza.
References in periodicals archive ?
Their work is guided by two central hypotheses: the centrality of analogical reasoning and the utility of qualitative representations.
Analogical reasoning (AR) rests on these similarities to draw further conclusions, thus, AR is defined as the ability to perceive and use these similarities.
The results revealed enough evidence to retain the analogical reasoning on Pascal (1963) theory advancing that business students need to possess reasoned knowledge (intuition/feeling) and revealed knowledge (mathematics/geometry) that would allow them to better grasp the information they acquire from a business course.
First, he points out that during the time he spent studying in Baghdad, "al-Shafi'i encountered two contrary but immensely important trends in the legal thought of the late second/eighth centuries: the pietistic commitment to Prophetic hadith-reports as the primary evidence for Prophetic Practice and thus as the primary guide to personal religious practice, and the attempt to make the law rationally consistent by testing the interrelationship of rules by means of analogical reasoning and dialectics" (p.
Two studies run on the Simulation Creation Toolkit--an in class study with 45 seventh grade Life Science students creating a predator/prey simulation, and an analogical reasoning study with six university students creating three different projects--begin to give initial insight into the system capabilities.
Bilingualism fosters analogical reasoning and problem solving, concept formation and deeper processing.
123) Darrell Miller has made a similar suggestion for the Second Amendment, arguing that Second Amendment jurisprudence could be modeled on that of the Seventh Amendment, which evaluates contemporary civil-jury practice through analogical reasoning based on framing-era practice.
A strong case that crows can deal with analogies could spark new questions about the evolution of analogical reasoning, says comparative psychologist Timothy Flemming of Portland State University in Oregon.
In our study, we chose to work with children ages 8-9 and 14-15, considering that the former is a critical period for analogical reasoning and the latter corresponds to a period in which previous research indicates positive results (Garcia, Perez, Martin, Gutierrez, Gomez, & Perez, 2011).
Drawing on two such theories, heuristics and analogical reasoning, we delineate the logic of experience and advance speculative propositions on its utility in the context of internationalization research.
Student understandings of numeracy problems: Semantic alignment and analogical reasoning, is the paper by James Davis, which provides a pedagogical model, RULES & T, as a way to support students in solving worded problems.