analogy(redirected from Analogical reasoning)
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n. pl. a·nal·o·gies
a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.
b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
3. A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.
[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.]
n, pl -gies
1. agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2. a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system.
3. (Biology) biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4. (Logic) logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5. (Linguistics) linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use "sheeps" as the plural of "sheep" by analogy with "dog", "dogs", "cat", "cats", etc.
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous]
analogical, ˌanaˈlogic adj
a•nal•o•gy(əˈnæl ə dʒi)
n., pl. -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2. similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between our situations.
3. a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin (opposed to homology).
4. a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as shoes.
5. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
[1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek]
analogy- Comes from Greek analogia, "a proportion," such as 2/10 = 10/X, a way of calculating unknown quantities.
See also related terms for proportion.
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; in literature, the basis for metaphor and simile. — analogie, analogical, adj.See also: Agreement
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. — analogous, adj.See also: Argumentation
Comparison made between two or more things in order to show their similarity.
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|Noun||1.||analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others|
|2.||analogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"|
|3.||analogy - the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate|
n → Analogie f; arguing by analogy one could claim that … → analog könnte man behaupten …; to draw an analogy → eine Analogie herstellen, einen analogen Vergleich ziehen; on the analogy of → analog zu, nach dem Muster (+gen); it’s an argument by analogy → es ist ein Analogiebeweis, es ist eine analoge Argumentation
n. analogía, semejanza.