pathology

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pa·thol·o·gy

 (pă-thŏl′ə-jē)
n. pl. pa·thol·o·gies
1. The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Also called pathobiology.
2. The anatomic or functional manifestations of a disease: the pathology of cancer.
3. A departure or deviation from a normal condition: "Neighborhoods plagued by a self-perpetuating pathology of joblessness, welfare dependency, crime" (Time).

pa·thol′o·gist n.

pathology

(pəˈθɒlədʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. (Medicine) the branch of medicine concerned with the cause, origin, and nature of disease, including the changes occurring as a result of disease
2. (Medicine) the manifestations of disease, esp changes occurring in tissues or organs
3. any variant or deviant condition from normal
paˈthologist n

pa•thol•o•gy

(pəˈθɒl ə dʒi)

n., pl. -gies.
1. the science or the study of the origin, nature, and course of diseases.
2. the conditions and processes of a disease.
3. any deviation from a healthy, normal, or efficient condition.
[1590–1600; earlier pathologia < Latin < Greek pathología. See patho-, -logy]
pa•thol′o•gist, n.

pa·thol·o·gy

(pə-thŏl′ə-jē)
1. The scientific study of disease and its causes, processes, and effects.
2. The physical changes in the body and its functioning as a result of illness or disease.

pathology

1. the branch of medical science that studies the origin, nature, and course of diseases.
2. the conditions and processes of a disease. — pathologist, n. — pathologic, pathological, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
the branch of medicine that specializes in the study of disease. — pathologist, n.
See also: Medical Specialties

pathology

The branch of medicine that deals with the nature and causes of diseases.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseasespathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel)
strangulation - (pathology) constriction of a body part so as to cut off the flow of blood or other fluid; "strangulation of the intestine"
jactation, jactitation - (pathology) extremely restless tossing and twitching usually by a person with a severe illness
nebula - (pathology) a faint cloudy spot on the cornea
verruca, wart - (pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin; caused by a virus
plaque - (pathology) a small abnormal patch on or inside the body
bleb, bulla, blister - (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
excrescence - (pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
medical science - the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
palaeopathology, paleopathology - the study of disease of former times (as inferred from fossil evidence)
shock - (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor; "loss of blood is an important cause of shock"
insufficiency - (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally
growth - (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor)
cold gangrene, dry gangrene, mumification necrosis, mummification - (pathology) gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color
clostridial myonecrosis, emphysematous gangrene, emphysematous phlegmon, gangrenous emphysema, gas gangrene, gas phlegmon, progressive emphysematous necrosis - (pathology) a deadly form of gangrene usually caused by clostridium bacteria that produce toxins that cause tissue death; can be used as a bioweapon
irritation - (pathology) abnormal sensitivity to stimulation; "any food produced irritation of the stomach"
amyloid - (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
incubation - (pathology) the phase in the development of an infection between the time a pathogen enters the body and the time the first symptoms appear
active - tending to become more severe or wider in scope; "active tuberculosis"
inactive - (pathology) not progressing or increasing; or progressing slowly
functional - involving or affecting function rather than physiology; "functional deafness"
organic - involving or affecting physiology or bodily organs; "an organic disease"
specific - being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides; "quinine is highly specific for malaria"; "a specific remedy"; "a specific stain is one having a specific affinity for particular structural elements"
nonspecific - not caused by a specific agent; used also of staining in making microscope slides; "nonspecific enteritis"
benign - not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
malignant - dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
2.pathology - any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
alkalosis - abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
anchylosis, ankylosis - abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
arteriectasia, arteriectasis - an abnormal distension of an artery
arthropathy - a pathology or abnormality of a joint
asynergia, asynergy - absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
asystole, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest - absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
diverticulosis - presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon
flux - excessive discharge of liquid from a cavity or organ (as in watery diarrhea)
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness - a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
fluorosis - a pathological condition resulting from an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)
gammopathy - a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins; proteins having antibody activity increase greatly in the blood
glossolalia - repetitive nonmeaningful speech (especially that associated with a trance state or religious fervor)
angiopathy - any disease of the blood vessels or lymph ducts
aphagia - loss of the ability to swallow
stenosis, stricture - abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
atherogenesis - the formation of atheromas on the walls of the arteries as in atherosclerosis
ascites - accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
azymia - absence of an enzyme
bacteremia, bacteriaemia, bacteriemia - transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
induration, sclerosis - any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
lipomatosis - pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
lithiasis - the formation of stones (calculi) in an internal organ
cartilaginification - abnormal formation of cartilage from other tissues; observed in some Asians
cyst - a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure
adenomyosis, endometriosis - the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
adhesion - abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen
bronzed diabetes, hemochromatosis, iron overload, iron-storage disease - pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints
infarct, infarction - localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
macrocytosis - the presence of macrocytes in the blood
fibrosis - development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
malacia - a state of abnormal softening of tissue
mastopathy, mazopathy - any pathology of the breast
neuropathy - any pathology of the peripheral nerves
myopathy - any pathology of the muscles that is not attributable to nerve dysfunction
osteoporosis - abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
priapism - condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal
demineralisation, demineralization - abnormal loss of mineral salts (especially from bone)
pyorrhea, pyorrhoea - discharge of pus
azotaemia, azotemia, uraemia, uremia - accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
azoturia - excess of urea in the urine
lesion - any localized abnormal structural change in a bodily part
lymphadenopathy - chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)
gangrene, slough, sphacelus - necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass
hyperbilirubinemia - abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
palilalia - a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
reflux - an abnormal backward flow of body fluids
otorrhea - discharge from the external ear
Translations
الباثولوجيا: عِلْم الأمْراض
patologie
patologisygdomslære
patologiapoikkeamatautioppi
patologija
patológia
meina-/sjúkdómafræîimeinafræðisjúkdómafræðisjúklegt ástand
病理学
patologaspatologijapatologinispatologiškaipatologiškas
patoloģija
patológia
patolojihastalıklar bilimi
bệnhbệnh tật

pathology

[pəˈθɒlədʒɪ] Npatología f

pathology

[pəˈθɒlədʒi] npathologie f

pathology

n (science) → Pathologie f; the pathology of a diseasedas Krankheitsbild

pathology

[pəˈθɒlədʒɪ] npatologia

pathology

(pəˈθolədʒi) noun
the science of diseases.
paˈthologist noun
ˌpathoˈlogical adjective
ˌpathoˈlogically adverb

pa·thol·o·gy

n. patología, ciencia que estudia la naturaleza y causa de las enfermedades.

pathology

n patología, estudio de los tejidos y líquidos corporales con fines diagnósticos; anatomic — anatomía patológica; speech language — (form), speech — logopedia (form), fonoaudiología, terapia del lenguaje, terapia del habla (esp. Mex)
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