Add to this the at least eight tonnes of emissions each Australian creates by flying to the tip of South America and back, then the carbon footprint for an Antarctic Peninsula
trip is more than the average Australian household emits in an entire year.
In fact, a small ice shelf along the Antarctic Peninsula
disintegrated in the last two decades, apparently due to rising temperatures in the region.
At the forefront of attempts to rectify this situation is the Royal Navy icebreaker HMS Endurance, which spends seven months of the year surveying the Antarctic Peninsula
Work at Britain's Signy Station on the Antarctic peninsula
has revealed a similar pattern of population swings among Weddell seals there.
Restrictions on tourists are to be tightened at the most popular sites on the Antarctic Peninsula
in an attempt to address concerns about the impact of increasing visitor numbers.
That was until Francis Drake discovered the large expanse of ocean that lay between the Cape and the Antarctic Peninsula
, and became the first man to 'round the horn'.
Palmer Research Station on the Antarctic Peninsula
, says Ted DeLaca, head of the National Science Foundation's polar science section.
Speaking at the BAS conference on the Southern Ocean, Claire Parkinson said, "While certain warming regions such as the Antarctic Peninsula
have suffered decreases, overall there has been an increase in sea ice since consistent satellite monitoring began in November 1978.
and his colleagues found a different extinction pattern on Seymour Island, near the Antarctic peninsula
The Antarctic Peninsula
in the west of the continent is seeing rapid ice loss in the face of warming temperatures, but other parts of the continent have been cooling - a phenomenon cited as evidence against global warming by climate change sceptics.
Responding to the news that huge mega-colonies of penguins have been discovered near the Antarctic Peninsula
, hosting more than 1.
Areas of the West Antarctic Peninsula
may become too warm for many native species, according to the study.