holism(redirected from Anti-reductionist)
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1. The theory that living matter or reality is made up of organic or unified wholes that are greater than the simple sum of their parts.
2. A holistic investigation or system of treatment.
1. (Philosophy) any doctrine that a system may have properties over and above those of its parts and their organization
2. (Medicine) the treatment of any subject as a whole integrated system, esp, in medicine, the consideration of the complete person, physically and psychologically, in the treatment of a disease. See also alternative medicine
[C20: from holo- + -ism]
ho•lism(ˈhoʊ lɪz əm)
1. the theory that whole entities have an existence other than as the mere sum of their parts.
2. an approach to healing or health care, often involving therapies outside the mainstream of medicine, in which isolated symptoms or conditions are considered secondary to one's total physical and psychological state.
[< Greek hól(os) whole + -ism]
the theory that whole entities, as fundamental components of reality, have an existence other than as the mere sum of their parts. Cf. organicism. — holist, n. — holistic, adj.See also: Philosophy
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|Noun||1.||holism - the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole; "holism holds that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts"; "holistic theory has been applied to ecology and language and mental states"|
theory - a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; "theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses"; "true in fact and theory"
organicism - theory that the total organization of an organism rather than the functioning of individual organs is the determinant of life processes
configurationism, Gestalt psychology - (psychology) a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties