Some leading federalists were also antidisestablishmentarians.
In this way, RFRA violated the First Amendment's specific antidisestablishmentarian requirement.
53) As Professor Amar has pointed out, of all the state-proposed amendments on religion, New Hampshire's antidisestablishmentarian proposal most closely tracked the actual language eventually adopted in the First Amendment.
74) The core purpose of the Establishment Clause's antidisestablishmentarian component was to bar Congress from tampering with state religion laws, whether or not those laws amounted to actual establishments.
Thus the New Englanders who fought for an antidisestablishmentarian First Amendment did not by any means concede that their states had actually established religion.
The Constitution's antidisestablishmentarian principle, strange though it may at first seem, is in reality part of something deeply familiar.
109) Your antidisestablishmentarian principle is in essence a principle of federalism.
But as I have tried to show throughout, the First Amendment's antidisestablishmentarian component is not and never was merely a protection of federalism.
This argument -- that the Establishment Clause, because of its antidisestablishmentarian component, cannot logically be incorporated -- might, if acceptable, have strengthened the case against RFRA.
On the other hand, a court could also hold that the Fourteenth Amendment does make an antidisestablishmentarian principle applicable against the states as well.
In deciding the scope of free exercise rights, the Court is not constrained by an antidisestablishmentarian principle.