antineoplastic

(redirected from Antiproliferative)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Antiproliferative: Antioxidants

an·ti·ne·o·plas·tic

 (ăn′tē-nē′ə-plăs′tĭk, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Inhibiting or preventing the growth or development of malignant cells.

an′ti·ne′o·plas′tic n.

antineoplastic

(ˌæntɪˌniːəʊˈplæstɪk)
adj
acting against tumours
n
a drug that acts against tumours

an•ti•ne•o•plas•tic

(ˌæn tiˌni oʊˈplæs tɪk, ˌæn taɪ-)

adj.
1. destroying, inhibiting, or preventing the growth or spread of tumors.
n.
2. an antineoplastic substance.
[1965–70]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antineoplastic - any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cellsantineoplastic - any of several drugs that control or kill neoplastic cells; used in chemotherapy to kill cancer cells; all have unpleasant side effects that may include nausea and vomiting and hair loss and suppression of bone marrow function
alkylating agent - an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
antimetabolite - an antineoplastic drug that inhibits the utilization of a metabolite
antineoplastic antibiotic - an antibiotic drug used as an antineoplastic in chemotherapy
asparaginase, Elspar - antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
cytotoxic drug - any drug that has a toxic effect on cells; commonly used in chemotherapy to inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells
floxuridine - antineoplastic drug used to treat some cancers; can cause loss of hair
lomustine - an antineoplastic drug often used to treat brain tumors or Hodgkin's disease
Alkeran, melphalan - antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
periwinkle plant derivative - an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer
procarbazine - an antineoplastic drug used to treat Hodgkin's disease
thioguanine - an antineoplastic drug used to treat acute leukemias
thiotepa - an antineoplastic drug used to treat certain malignancies
Adj.1.antineoplastic - used in the treatment of cancerantineoplastic - used in the treatment of cancer; "anticancer drug"; "an antineoplastic effect"
Translations

an·ti·ne·o·plas·tic

a. antineoplástico-a, droga que controla o mata células cancerosas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drug stents simultaneously release antiproliferative drugs for several weeks after implantation, thus preventing the occurrence of restenosis.
The aim of this review is to look at the current evidence on the antiproliferative effects of cannabinoids in urological malignancies, including renal, prostate, bladder, and testicular cancers.
Specifically, in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that resveratrol exerts chemopreventive and antiproliferative activity against various cancers, including skin cancer, by suppressing cellular events associated with tumor initiation, promotion, and progression, and triggering apoptosis in such tumor cells.
The MDR-selective antiproliferative activity of compound 5 was evaluated against gastric (EPG85- 257) and pancreatic (EPP85-181) human cancer cells and their drug-selected counterparts (EPG85- 257RDB, EPG85-257RNOV, EPP85-181RDB, EPP85-181RNOV).
There are usually four classes of maintenance drugs: calcineurin inhibitors: tacrolimus and cyclosporine, antiproliferative agents: mycophenolate mofetil, mycophenolate sodium and azathioprine, mTOR inhibitor: sirolimus, and steroids: prednisone.
DCBs often deliver paclitaxel, an antiproliferative drug, to arterial walls to limit restenosis which may reduce blood flow.
2015), who, through the Allium cepa system, analyzed, respectively, the cytotoxic potential of the aqueous and hydroalcoholic extract of the the bark of this legume, and demonstrated a significant antiproliferative effect in the cells of the test system used.
The combined effects of oleic acid's antiproliferative property, squalene's beneficial effect on intracellular oxidative stress, and polyphenols' anticancer properties could be responsible for the protection associated with olive oil observed in this study.
in their research article "Alterations in Red Blood Cell Functionality Induced by an Indole Scaffold Containing a Y-Iminodiketo Moiety: Potential Antiproliferative Conditions" deal with a prediction of the antiproliferative effects of heterocyclic scaffolds, which could be important for development of new therapeutic approaches against cancer.
4 His lab published a series of papers describing the antiproliferative effect of specific foods, in particular fruits, including apples, strawberries, cranberries grapes, and raspberries; vegetables, including tomatoes, green beans, beets, and onions; and a range of others including black beans, nuts, and whole wheat.
Limenin did exhibit antiproliferative activity toward tumor cells, including human liver hepatoma cells Bel-7402 and certain neuroblastoma cells.
A smaller section is organized by biological activity, with chapters on plant families with potential antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetes, antioxidant, and reproductive, cardiovascular, and nervous system activity.