The music of "the Second Viennese School", which included composers Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils Anton Webern
and Alban Berg, created a seismic shift in the western tradition of classical music, moving away from diatonicism and towards heterodox terrain in tonality and form.
Chapter 6 explores serial choral works by Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and Anton Webern
, while chapter 7 turns to the folk songs by Ralph Vaughan Williams (Five English Folk Songs), Bela Bartok (Tot nepdalok [Four Slovanian Folk Songs]), Veljo Tormis (Raua needmine), and the nationalist choruses of Zoltan Kodaly (Psalmus Hungaricus) and Sergey Prokofiev (AleksandrNevskii [AlexanderNevsky]).
Along with his devoted students Alban Berg and Anton Webern
, Schoenberg was the leader of what came to be known as the Second Viennese School.
Schoenberg and his friends and students (including Alban Berg, Anton Webern
, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Alma Mahler, Erwin Stein, Roberto Gerhard, Wassily Kandinsky and Hanns Eisler) tell the story of the composer's life in their own words.
Much of his most telling music has been almost as compact as the ultra-subliminal Austrian miniaturist Anton Webern
, disciple of Mahler and pupil of Schoenberg.
The lives of three of them, Mozart, Beethoven and Haydn, overlapped, with the less familiar name of 20th century musical wild-child, Anton Webern
The German Lied After Hugo Wolf: From Hans Pfitzner to Anton Webern
Indeed, Wolpe was in touch with figures ranging from Paul Klee, Anton Webern
, George Russell, and Yoko Ono, and was in the orbit of movements such as the Berlin Dada, the Bauhaus, agitprop theatre, and the Second Viennese School.
5, de Anton Webern
, tan actuales hoy como el primer dia y tecnicamente todavia no superados>> (14).
He borrowed freely from the music of Anton Webern
, John Cage and others and also composed electronically.
The vocal works of Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern
, and Alban Berg, composers often referred to as The Second Viennese School, are often neglected due to the assumption that the works will be atonal and therefore musically unachievable for performers and unsatisfying for audiences.
Such luminaries as J S Bach, Robert Schumann, Frederic Chopin, Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Anton Webern
, Alfred Cortot and Willem Mengelberg all were known to have expressed anti-Semitic views in their lives.