In this order, a large number of species use acoustic communications for aposematism
A role of phenotypic plasticity in the evolution of aposematism
and bioluminescence: Experimental evidence from glow-worm larvae (Coleoptera: Lampyridae).
Experimental evidence for aposematism
in the dendrobatid poison frog Oophaga pumilio.
Since then numerous adaptive functions for animal colors have been described including camouflage, sexual signalling, thermoregulation and aposematism
(Poulton 1890; Cott 1940).
These studies included investigations of the importance of prey size, habitat, distance from predators, mimicry, and aposematism
(warning coloration) on the rate of predation on the model organisms.
From an ecological point of view, pigmentation has been proposed to play an important role in thermoregulation, resistance to desiccation, ultraviolet radiation and parasitism, crypsis, aposematism
, mate choice and courtship behavior (Wittkopp et al.
Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism
and diet specialization in poison frogs.
evolves by individual selection: evidence from marine gastropods with pelagic larvae.
For example, among infrahumans, peak shift has been invoked as a mechanism underlying the evolution of aposematism
(warning coloration) among prey (Gamberale & Tullberg, 1996; Gamberale-Stille & Tullberg, 1999; Leimar, Enquist, & Sillen-Tullberg, 1986), the sexual selection among birds for elaborately plumaged males (Weary, Guilford, & Weisman, 1993), and the preference for supernormal stimuli displayed by many species (Ghirlanda & Enquist, 1998, 1999, 2003; Staddon, 1975).
and Brown (2001) as a case of aposematism
, notwithstanding the different
The paper, 'Do aposematism
and Batesian mimicry require bright colours?