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Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos


 (ăr′ô-kā′nē-ən) also A·rau·can (ə-rô′kən)
1. A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
2. A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.

[Spanish araucano, Araucanian person, Mapuche, from Arauco, a former region of southern Chile.]


1. (Languages) a South American Indian language; thought to be an isolated branch of the Penutian phylum, spoken in Chile and W Argentina
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who speak this language
3. (Languages) of or relating to this people or their language
4. (Peoples) of or relating to this people or their language


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
References in classic literature ?
The Indians were Araucanians from the south of Chile; several hundreds in number, and highly disciplined.
Travelling north and south opens us to the land, from Atacama desert 1600 miles down to Pablo's Araucanian Temuco birthplace, the great lakes and volcanos, Puerto Montt, Chiloe Island.
Dillehay's multifarious other contributions to South American archaeology--ranging from the earliest evidence for the peopling of the continent to recent Araucanian ethnology--are already enough to embarrass most of his fellow Andeanists.
Man was dust, earthen vase, on eyelid of tremulous loam, the shape of clay he was Carib jug, Chibcha stone, imperial cup or Araucanian silica .
These are lighter portrayals, tinged with melancholy, with the white-haired Araucanian Indian goalkeeper in Soriano's "The Longest Penalty Ever" wondering if one heroic exploit qualifies a person for recognition and love.
It is not surprising that this should have been the case with the Incas or even the Aztecs, but few historians have observed the widespread invocations of Araucanian heroes during the independence wars that occurred even in Peru, the epicentre of "Incanesque" rhetoric.
With regard to the passage in which the Araucanian magician Fiton reveals to the narrator a transatlantic prophecy of the Spanish naval victory at Lepanto (already fulfilled by the time of Ercilla's composition), Fuchs adds another dimension to David Quint's "brilliantly layered" interpretation of the passage's ambivalence regarding empire and conquest: its betrayal of Spain's sense of vulnerability to an Islamic threat (44-45).
There is no 'stout Cortes' fighting waves of Aztec warriors in Tlateloco; no George Armstrong Custer ranged against the might of the Sioux nation; no Araucanian warriors capturing the cream of the Spanish Army in Chile and putting them to death and no Zulu impis at Isandhlwana, soundly defeating the best the British Army could throw against them.
Take the case of Alonso de Ercilla's epic La Araucana, in which the Spaniard Ercilla seeks the counsel of an Araucanian (Amerindian) magician to prophesy about events in Europe.
Monuments, empires, and resistance: the Araucanian polity and ritual narratives.
Eventually, as Hayley recorded, the cruel Valdivia (the Spanish governor) was killed in battle by Lautaro, an Araucanian whom the Spanish had brought up as a page boy and who had reverted to his native loyalty.
Count Fernand de Montessus de Ballore, founding director of the Chilean Seismological Service, was also a student of Araucanian earthquake mythology.