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Related to Araucanian: Araucanian language, Araucanos


 (ăr′ô-kā′nē-ən) also A·rau·can (ə-rô′kən)
1. A language family of south-central Chile and the western pampas of Argentina that includes Mapuche.
2. A member of a people speaking an Araucanian language.

[Spanish araucano, Araucanian person, Mapuche, from Arauco, a former region of southern Chile.]


1. (Languages) a South American Indian language; thought to be an isolated branch of the Penutian phylum, spoken in Chile and W Argentina
2. (Peoples) a member of the people who speak this language
3. (Languages) of or relating to this people or their language
4. (Peoples) of or relating to this people or their language


(ˌær ɔˈkeɪ ni ən)

1. a member of an American Indian people of S central Chile and adjacent areas of Argentina.
2. the language of the Araucanians.
References in classic literature ?
The Indians were Araucanians from the south of Chile; several hundreds in number, and highly disciplined.
2015): The Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Araucanian Resilience.
This is also the theme of Alarcon's scene in the co-written play Algunas hazanas del marques de Canete: the conquistador and future viceroy Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza thwarts an assassination attempt and chooses to "obligar" his Araucanian rival with gifts as part of his strategy of subduing the region.
He elaborated on this work in Monuments, empires, and resistance: The Araucanian polity and ritual narrativesl (Dillehay 2007; see also Dillehay and Zabala 2013, Zabala et al.
Geographical truth of the wetlands in The Araucanian of Alonso de Ercilla
The group of species known from Chile reaches the forest region of southern Chile, in the Araucanian subregion.
We had no inkling that so much of the work we were about to see would be heavily influenced by those people we'd previously known about only through Eduardo Galeano's masterpiece trilogy The Memory of Fire (which both of us had read)--in Galeano's pages, they were known by the now-pejorative term Araucanian.
29) On colonial-indigenous relations along the Southern Andes, see Tom Dillehay and Jose Manuel Zavala, "Compromised Landscapes: The Proto-Panoptic Politics of Colonial Araucanian and Spanish Parlamentos," Colonial Latin American Review 22 (2013): 319-43.
Travelling north and south opens us to the land, from Atacama desert 1600 miles down to Pablo's Araucanian Temuco birthplace, the great lakes and volcanos, Puerto Montt, Chiloe Island.
The pre-Columbian Araucanian chicken (Gallus inauris) of the Mapuche Indians.
22) "Imbunche refers to the Araucanian Indian practice of sewing a baby's orifices shut, either to prevent the escape of evil from the body or to ward it off.