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also ar·ba·list  (är′bə-lĭst)
A medieval missile launcher designed on the principle of the crossbow.

[Middle English arblast, from Old English, from Old French arbaleste, from Late Latin arcuballista : Latin arcus, bow + Latin ballista, ballista; see ballista.]

ar′ba·lest′er (-lĕs′tər) n.


(ˈɑːbəlɪst) ,




(Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) a large medieval crossbow, usually cocked by mechanical means
[C11: from Old French arbaleste, from Late Latin arcuballista, from Latin arcus bow + ballista]


or ar•ba•list

(ˈɑr bə lɪst)

a powerful medieval crossbow with a steel bow, used to shoot stones, metal balls, arrows, etc.
[before 1100; Middle English, late Old English arblast < Old French arbaleste < Old Provençal < Late Latin arcuballista (see arc, ballista)]
ar′ba•lest`er (-ˌlɪs tər) n.

arbalist, arbalest

a crossbowman. Also arcubalist.
See also: Arrows
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbalest - an engine that provided medieval artillery used during siegesarbalest - an engine that provided medieval artillery used during sieges; a heavy war engine for hurling large stones and other missiles
engine - an instrument or machine that is used in warfare, such as a battering ram, catapult, artillery piece, etc.; "medieval engines of war"
References in classic literature ?
Learn also, I pray you, to shoot with a dropping shaft; for though a bowman may at times be called upon to shoot straight and fast, yet it is more often that he has to do with a town-guard behind a wall, or an arbalestier with his mantlet raised when you cannot hope to do him scathe unless your shaft fall straight upon him from the clouds.