art movement

(redirected from Art styles, periods and movements)
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Noun1.art movement - a group of artists who agree on general principles
Abstract Expressionism, action painting - a New York school of painting characterized by freely created abstractions; the first important school of American painting to develop independently of European styles
Ash Can, Ashcan school - early 20th-century United States painting; portrays realistic and sordid scenes of city life
Impressionism - a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
Pop Art - a school of art that emerged in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and became prevalent in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1960s; it imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
Ashcan School, Eight - a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
pointillism - a school of painters who used a technique of painting with tiny dots of pure colors that would blend in the viewer's eye; developed by Georges Seurat and his followers late in 19th century France
social movement, movement, front - a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals; "he was a charter member of the movement"; "politicians have to respect a mass movement"; "he led the national liberation front"
art deco, deco - a style of design that was popular in the 1920s and 1930s; marked by stylized forms and geometric designs adapted to mass production
art nouveau - a French school of art and architecture popular in the 1890s; characterized by stylized natural forms and sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves and vines and flowers
avant-garde, van, vanguard, new wave - any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)
constructivism - an abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I; industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
suprematism - a geometric abstractionist movement originated by Kazimir Malevich in Russia that influenced constructivism
cubism - an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes
dadaism, dada - a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century; based on irrationality and negation of the accepted laws of beauty
expressionism - an art movement early in the 20th century; the artist's subjective expression of inner experiences was emphasized; an inner feeling was expressed through a distorted rendition of reality
fauvism - an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and nonnatural colors and simple forms; influenced the expressionists
futurism - an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age
Hudson River school, romantic realism - the first coherent school of American art; active from 1825 to 1870; painted wilderness landscapes of the Hudson River valley and surrounding New England
imagism - a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality; used common speech in free verse with clear concrete imagery
lake poets - English poets at the beginning of the 19th century who lived in the Lake District and were inspired by it
luminism - an artistic movement in the United States that was derived from the Hudson River school; active from 1850 to 1870; painted realistic landscapes in a style that pictured atmospheric light and the use of aerial perspective
minimal art, minimalism, reductivism - an art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
naturalism, realism - an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
neoromanticism - an art movement based on a revival of Romanticism in art and literature
New Wave, Nouvelle Vague - an art movement in French cinema in the 1960s
secession, sezession - an Austrian school of art and architecture parallel to the French art nouveau in the 1890s
surrealism - a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
symbolism - an artistic movement in the late 19th century that tried to express abstract or mystical ideas through the symbolic use of images