artichoke(redirected from Artichokes)
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a. A Mediterranean thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) in the composite family, having pinnately divided leaves and large discoid heads of bluish flowers.
b. The edible, immature flower head of this plant. Also called globe artichoke.
2. The Jerusalem artichoke.
[Northern Italian dialectal articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḫaršuf : al-, the + ḫuršūf, ḫaršūf, artichoke (perhaps from Middle Persian *xār-čōb, literally, thorn-stick : xār, thorn; akin to Sanskrit khara-, rough, sharp + čōb, stick).]
1. (Plants) Also called: globe artichoke a thistle-like Eurasian plant, Cynara scolymus, cultivated for its large edible flower head containing many fleshy scalelike bracts: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. (Plants) the unopened flower head of this plant, which can be cooked and eaten
3. (Plants) See Jerusalem artichoke
[C16: from Italian articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-kharshūf]
1. Also called globe artichoke.
a. a tall thistlelike composite plant, Cynara scolymus, native to the Mediterranean region, of which the numerous scalelike bracts and receptacle of the immature flower head are eaten as a vegetable.
b. the large, rounded, closed flower head itself.
[1525–35; < Upper Italian articiocco < Old Spanish alcarchofa < dial. Arabic al-kharshūf]
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|Noun||1.||artichoke - Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head|
vegetable - any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
|2.||artichoke - a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart|
veg, vegetable, veggie - edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
artichoke heart - the tender fleshy center of the immature artichoke flower