Artificial person


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And, more importantly, shareholders have no duty or responsibility to this artificial person, the company.
Corporate personhood originated during the nineteenth century under the artificial person theory, also called the concession theory.
The national regulations on the amparo confirm the personal nature of the proceedings, also configuring the concept of "injured party" who may bring such an action to court as "any natural or artificial person whose constitutional rights are harmed or that are in a situation of imminent danger of being harmed by any disposition, act or resolution, and in general, by any action or omission from any public officer, authority or its agents"--art.
An artificial person or legal entity created by or under the authority of the laws of a state or nation, composed, in some rare instances, of a single person and his successors, being the incumbents of a particular office, but ordinarily consisting of an association of numerous individuals.
This paper focuses on probing intelligence that already exists within an artificial person, and exploring the organisational extended-mindedness that sees natural and artificial persons use many minds in pursuing their goals.
The hero of Artifice is Deacon, an artificial person and soldier.
When an artificial person has some degree of autonomy from control by its owner, we call it an agent.
What I am interested in, however, is not Facebook, which is, after all, a foreign company, but the criminal liability that may now also be extended to the 'state' in Pakistan, which is also, like a corporation, a legal artificial person.
7 CORPORATIONS REPRINTED FROM RULING CASE LAW [section]3 (1915) ("The corporation is the real though artificial person substituted for the natural persons who procured its creation .
Otherwise there would be no persons--not even male persons--in Hobbes's commonwealth, which is itself a single artificial person represented by the sovereign).
A corporation is an artificial person and in this sense may have artificial responsibilities, but "business" as a whole cannot be said to have responsibilities, even in this vague sense.
We have thus reached the point in which we can grasp the role of representation in the foundation of the citizen as an Artificial Person.