Aryan


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Ar·y·an

 (âr′ē-ən, ăr′-)
n.
1. Indo-Iranian.
2. A member of the people who spoke the parent language of the Indo-European languages. No longer in technical use.
3. A member of any people speaking an Indo-European language. No longer in technical use.
4. In Nazism and neo-Nazism, a non-Jewish Caucasian, especially one of Nordic type, supposed to be part of a master race.

[From Sanskrit ārya-, compatriot, ethnic self-designation of the Indo-Iranians of ancient India.]

Ar′y·an adj.
Word History: When most English speakers hear the word Aryan, they probably think of it as referring primarily to northern Europeans in the context of the racist theories of European physical and mental superiority espoused by the Nazis. Originally, however, the word referred to the early Indo-Iranians—the Indo-European peoples who inhabited parts of what are now Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Their tribal self-designation was a word reconstructed as *arya- or *ārya-. The first of these is the form found in Iranian, as ultimately in the name of Iran itself (from Middle Persian Ērān [šahr], "[Land] of the Iranians," from the genitive plural of Ēr, "Iranian"). The variant *ārya- is found unchanged in Sanskrit, where it referred to the upper classes of ancient Indian society. These words became known to European scholars in the 18th century. In the 1830s, Friedrich Schlegel, a German scholar who was an important early Indo-Europeanist, came up with a theory that linked the Indo-Iranian words with the German word Ehre, "honor," and older Germanic names containing the element ario-, such as the Swiss warrior Ariovistus, who was written about by Julius Caesar. Schlegel theorized that far from being just a designation of the Indo-Iranians, the word *arya- had in fact been what the Indo-Europeans called themselves, meaning something like "the honorable people." This theory, however, has since been called into question. Nevertheless, Aryan came to be synonymous with Indo-European in the writings of many Indo-Europeanists, and in this sense the term entered the general scholarly consciousness of the day. Not much later, it was proposed that the original homeland of the Indo-Europeans had been in northern Europe. From this theory, it was but a small leap to think of the Aryans as having had a northern European physiotype. While these theories were being developed, certain anti-Semitic German scholars singled out the Jews as the main non-Aryan people in Germany because of their Semitic roots. A distinction thus arose in these scholars' minds between Jews and the "true Aryan" Germans, a distinction that later furnished fodder for the racial theories of the Nazis.

Aryan

(ˈɛərɪən) or

Arian

n
1. (Peoples) (in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
3. (Peoples) a member of any of the peoples supposedly descended from the Indo-Europeans, esp a speaker of an Iranian or Indic language in ancient times
adj
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
5. (Peoples) of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
adj, n
6. (Languages) archaic Indo-European
7. (Peoples) archaic Indo-European
[C19: from Sanskrit ārya of noble birth]

Ar•y•an

(ˈɛər i ən, -yən, ˈær-, ˈɑr yən)

n.
1.
a. a speaker of the languages ancestral to the Indo-Aryan or the Indo-Iranian languages.
b. (formerly) a speaker of Proto-Indo-European; an Indo-European.
3. (in Nazi doctrine) a non-Jewish Caucasian, esp. of Nordic stock.
adj.
4. of or pertaining to an Aryan or the Aryans.
5. of or pertaining to Aryan as a language group.
[1785–95; < Skt ārya of high rank (adj.), noble (n.) + -an1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Aryan - (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)Aryan - (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)
Caucasian, White, White person - a member of the Caucasoid race
2.Aryan - a member of the prehistoric people who spoke Proto-Indo European
primitive, primitive person - a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization
Adj.1.Aryan - of or relating to the former Indo-European people; "Indo-European migrations"
Translations
arier
arjalainenindoiranilainen
arijacarijevacarijkaarijski
AriërArischIndo-EuropeaanIndo-EuropeesIndo-Germaan
arier

Aryan

[ˈɛərɪən]
A. ADJario
B. Nario/a m/f

Aryan

nArier(in) m(f)
adjarisch

Aryan

[ˈɛərɪən] adj & nariano/a
References in classic literature ?
As the Aryans moved slowly on, to and through the Caucasus passes, and spread over Europe, new conditions of life must have resulted in the formulation of new religions.
If I call the servants they will stand fast in a crowd and lie like Aryans.
It has been a long wait to taste success for Aryan.
The Samanids had Tajik-Aryan affiliation and were sympathetic to preserving the Aryan heritage.
But two quick wickets put UAE at 37 for two before Aryan Lakra (15, 30b, 2x4) and Shoun R (25, 32b, 4x4) steadied the ship.
The GDN reported yesterday that four-year-old Aryan Arbindkumar Kushwaha died at the BDF Hospital following the accident that happened while he was playing with his friends inside Sultan Building in Riffa, the compound where he lived.
But when Diego learned about Grant smuggling meth with the Aryan Fraternity, Crystal said that Grant might had Diego killed to shut him up.
The actor has sons Aryan and AbRam and daughter Suhana.
CALIFORNIA -- Bollywood stunning actor Shah Rukh Khan is facing a tough time as his elder son Aryan Khan has badly wounded himself during a football match in California.
India, June 5 -- The RSS agenda of Hindu Rashtra draws heavily on the superiority of Aryan race and greatness of Brahmanical values.
The young Aryan civilization was looking for a land where, all that they struggled for was available - food, water, pleasant weather and a land that was fertile throughout the year.
They began to lose their Aryan complexion and started to look like fat Muslim men or worse, dark-skinned residents of the city's otherwise excellent sewerage system.