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 (ä-säd′), Hafez al- 1930-2000.
Syrian political leader who seized control of the government in 1970 and served as president (1971-2000). On his death he was succeeded by his son Bashar (born 1965).


(Biography) Hafiz al (ˈhafɪz æl). 1928–2000, Syrian statesman and general; president of Syria (1971–2000)



1. Bashar al, born 1965, president of Syria since 2000.
2. Hafez al, 1930–2000, Syrian military and political leader: president 1971–2000.
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President Hollande is even more hostile to Assad than his foreign minister, having declared: "Nothing must be done to bolster Bashar al-Assad, who is the problem, and cannot therefore be the solution" - referring to the new series of Vienna talks begun on Oct.
There was no agreement on the key issue, whether Assad would be compelled to leave power as part of a transition to a new Syrian government.
VIENNA: The United States, Russia, Iran and more than a dozen other nations agreed Friday to launch a new peace effort involving Syria's government and opposition groups, but carefully avoided any determination on when President Bashar Assad might leave power -- perhaps the most intractable dispute of the conflict.
In this light, Assad's recent visit to Moscow, even as Russia reaffirmed the importance of a political settlement to the crippling war, is designed to showcase their commitment that they will not relinquish Assad as part of any transitional government as the West and most of the regional powers demand.
Moscow is a key foreign ally for Assad, and Russia's foreign minister said in comments aired on Russian TV on Saturday that the Kremlin wanted Syria to prepare for parliamentary and presidential elections.
Assad was making his first overseas trip since civil war erupted in his country in 2011, with an estimated 340,000 people killed so far.
Recent statements from Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an and several other European leaders seemed to indicate that Putin's new strategy to keep Assad in place might work.
5m-strong Alawite community in Syria is opposed to the Assad clan.
Certainly, Assad seeks to send a message to his opponents - whether within Syria or without - that the three years of war has not demoralized his regime.
The dominant wisdom has been that Iran has thrown its full weight behind Assad and that it would not abandon this ally because Assad guarantees Iran's strategic interests in the Levant.
Assad formally submitted his nomination to Syria's constitutional court to stand in an election which his Western and Arab foes have dismissed as a parody of democracy amid the turmoil of Syria's civil war.
Summary: Eleven core members of so-called Friends of Syria urge Assad instead to embrace plan outlined in Geneva talks.