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also As·sin·i·boine  (ə-sĭn′ə-boin′)
n. pl. Assiniboin or As·sin·i·boins also Assiniboine or As·sin·i·boines
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting southern Manitoba, now located in Montana, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. The Assiniboin became nomadic buffalo hunters after migrating to the northern Great Plains in the 18th century.
2. The Siouan language of the Assiniboin. In both senses also called Nakota. See Usage Note at Nakota.

[French Assiniboine, of Ojibwa origin.]

As·sin′i·boin′ adj.


(əˈsɪn əˌbɔɪn)

n., pl. -boines, (esp. collectively) -boine.
a. a member of a Plains Indian people living mainly between the middle Missouri and Saskatchewan rivers in the early 19th century: later confined to reserves in Montana and Alberta.
b. the dialect of Dakota spoken by the Assiniboine.
2. a river in S Canada, flowing S and E from SE Saskatchewan into the Red River in S Manitoba. 450 mi. (725 km) long.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Although this book is published in Montana, the early history of the Assiniboines is a western Canadian one.
The authors trace the Assiniboines as they gradually moved south, until many of them becoming part of the Milk River Agency and taking a reservation in eastern Montana.
Topics covered include "The Indian Trade of the Upper Missouri Before Lewis and Clark; " The North West Trade Gun" ; "Three Ornaments Worn by Upper Missouri Dandies in the 1830s"; "The Blackfoot War Lodge: Its Construction and Use"; The Bear Cult Among the Assiniboines and their Neighbors of the Northern Plains"; " When Sitting Bull Surrendered His Winchester"; plus nine others.
This occurred at a time when constant warfare between the Plains Assiniboines and Blackfoot tribes was briefly extended to the Hudson's Bay Company itself.
A band of Assiniboines had carried off twenty-four horses from Edmonton; and, being pursued, they were overtaken at the small river Boutbiere.
The style of high-top moccasins under discussion was in vogue throughout the Intermontane region--the Crow, Chippewa-Cree groups at Rocky Boy, the Assiniboines and Sioux at Fort Peck, as well as the neighboring Ute, Shoshone,
In the spring of 1873, the Cypress Hills were home to whiskey traders and Little Soldier and a dispirited band of Assiniboines.
In this author's opinion, however, a likely origin for this veteran's pipe bag would seem to be from the Assiniboines of Fort Peck agency in northeastern Montana.
One such notable event occurred at Fort Union in 1831 when the Americans arranged for peace to be made between the Blackfoot and Assiniboines after years of discord.
The various examples of souvenir beadwork illustrated in this article were probably all produced by the Northern Assiniboines (Stoneys) of Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada.
The author includes accounts of the Spitzee Cavalry--a semi-military force organized by wolf hunters--and the Cypress Hills Massacre, which saw the slaughter of a number of Assiniboines Indians by traders and wolf hunters.
There they claimed that it was Farwell who had led them to the Assiniboine camp and that, until fired upon, their intentions had been "entirely peaceful.