Although this book is published in Montana, the early history of the Assiniboines
is a western Canadian one.
Topics covered include "The Indian Trade of the Upper Missouri Before Lewis and Clark; " The North West Trade Gun" ; "Three Ornaments Worn by Upper Missouri Dandies in the 1830s"; "The Blackfoot War Lodge: Its Construction and Use"; The Bear Cult Among the Assiniboines
and their Neighbors of the Northern Plains"; " When Sitting Bull Surrendered His Winchester"; plus nine others.
However, the origins of this term are connected to the appellation of Payepot's people as the "Cree-speaking Assiniboines
72) Although the Assiniboines
and Gros Ventres entered into an alliance in 1853 in order to fight their common enemy, the Blackfeet, and later in 1868 to fight the Lakotas and Dakotas, many Gros Ventre people still identify struggles for primacy with the Assiniboines
at Fort Belknap.
This occurred at a time when constant warfare between the Plains Assiniboines
and Blackfoot tribes was briefly extended to the Hudson's Bay Company itself.
The style of high-top moccasins under discussion was in vogue throughout the Intermontane region--the Crow, Chippewa-Cree groups at Rocky Boy, the Assiniboines
and Sioux at Fort Peck, as well as the neighboring Ute, Shoshone,
While they dealt with Crows, Cheyennes, and Pawnees in the South, in the North they dealt with Assiniboines
, Ojibwas, Crees, and Blackfoot.
In the spring of 1873, the Cypress Hills were home to whiskey traders and Little Soldier and a dispirited band of Assiniboines
The book was republished with a new introduction by Michael Kennedy as The Assiniboines
(Norman OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961).
In this author's opinion, however, a likely origin for this veteran's pipe bag would seem to be from the Assiniboines
of Fort Peck agency in northeastern Montana.
The minutes of the Northern Department Council authorizing the establishment of Fort Ellice reads: "That in order to protect the trade of the Assiniboines
and Crees of the Upper Red River District from the American opposition on the Missouri, a new fort be established at Beaver Creek to be called Fort Ellice.
The author includes accounts of the Spitzee Cavalry--a semi-military force organized by wolf hunters--and the Cypress Hills Massacre, which saw the slaughter of a number of Assiniboines
Indians by traders and wolf hunters.