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Related to Astroglial cell: protoplasmic astrocyte


Any of a group of star-shaped cells that have long processes extending out in all directions and are components of the neuroglia, providing support for neurons in the central nervous system and playing a variety of roles in synaptic transmission.

as′tro·cyt′ic (-sĭt′ĭk) adj.


(Biology) any of the star-shaped cells in the tissue supporting the brain and spinal cord (neuroglia)


(ˈæs trəˌsaɪt)

a star-shaped neuroglial cell of ectodermal origin.
as`tro•cyt′ic (-ˈsɪt ɪk) adj.


A star-shaped type of cell that supports neurons in the brain and spinal cord. See neuroglia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.astrocyte - comparatively large neuroglial cell
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
astroglia, macroglia - tissue consisting of large stellate neuroglial cells
fibrous astrocyte - star-shaped cells with long processes; found in the white matter of the brain and spinal cord
protoplasmic astrocyte - a kind of astrocyte found in the grey matter
References in periodicals archive ?
GFAP is a highly brain-specific intermediate filament protein maintaining astroglial cell structure and migration (12).
Several researchers have reported the production of members of the neurotrophin family such as NGF, BDNF, and neurotrophin-3 in the cultured astroglial cell lines (Moretto et al.
Despite treatment with soluble CD4, the AIDS virus was still able to invade a type of brain cell called an astroglial cell.
Protective effect of carnosine during nitrosative stress in astroglial cell cultures.
PML, caused by the John Cunningham (JC) virus, results from lytic infection of predominantly astroglial cells.