Australian ballot


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Australian ballot

n.
A printed ballot that bears the names of all candidates and the texts of propositions and is distributed to the voter at the polls and marked in secret. Also called secret ballot.

Austral′ian bal′lot


n.
a ballot containing the names of all the candidates for public office, handed to a voter at a polling place to be marked in secret: it originated in Australia.
[1885–90, Amer.]
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References in periodicals archive ?
A examines the history and evolution of the secret vote and Australian ballot system.
7) This can be seen in the extensive debates over Women's Suffrage, the role of the 1885 Constitution in the 1889 Constitution, the Preamble, and the Australian Ballot.
Other voting regulations followed the Australian Ballot, including new registration laws, literacy tests, and other restrictions.
The secret ballot, or what continues to be known across America as the Australian Ballot, was most strongly and successfully promoted by the Progressives since it was crucial to this movement's major democratic ideal, namely Initiative and Referendum.
John Wigmore, The Australian Ballot System as Embodied in the
The Australian ballot reduced turnout rates, especially among the poor (see Heckelman 1995 and 2000).
Since the introduction of the Australian ballot in the 1880s, virtually all voting is conducted secretly.
Introduced in the late nineteenth century as a reform effort designed to break the hold on the election process of the political parties and reduce the corruption believed to accompany their control, the Australian ballot created the first truly secret ballot in American politics.
Similarly, regarding the argument that reform always fails, the authors point to the Australian ballot and civil service reform as two successes.
The Australian Ballot System as Embodied in the Legislation of Various Countries.
In his conclusions that such traditional Progressive Era reforms as the short ballot, city managers, at-large elections, and the Australian ballot were in fact devices to limit democracy and deny power to minorities, Pegram reveals his own contemporary perspective.
Secure committee tenure allowed incumbent members of Congress to develop "careerist" patterns of behavior in the House (Price 1977) - including committee-related policy expertise - that provided fuel for increased legislative activity in the decades following the Australian ballot reforms.

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