Austria


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Austria

Aus·tri·a

 (ô′strē-ə)
A landlocked country of central Europe. Settled by Celtic tribes, the region was conquered (15 bc-ad 10) by the Romans and later (8th century) by Charlemagne, who made it a border state of the Carolingian Empire. In the 13th century, Austria passed to the Habsburg family and remained the core of their vast holdings until the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918, when Austria became a republic. Annexed by Adolf Hitler in 1938 and occupied by French, British, Soviet, and American forces in 1945 at the end of World War II, Austria regained full sovereignty in 1955. Vienna is the capital and the largest city.

Aus′tri·an adj. & n.

Austria

(ˈɒstrɪə)
n
(Placename) a republic in central Europe: ruled by the Hapsburgs from 1282 to 1918; formed a dual monarchy with Hungary in 1867 and became a republic in 1919; a member of the European Union; contains part of the Alps, the Danube basin in the east, and extensive forests. Official language: German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Vienna. Pop: 8 221 646 (2013 est). Area: 83 849 sq km (32 374 sq miles). German name: Österreich

Aus•tri•a

(ˈɔ stri ə)

n.
a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich.
Aus′tri•an, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Austria - a mountainous republic in central EuropeAustria - a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century
battle of Wagram, Wagram - a battle in the Napoleonic campaigns (1809); Napoleon defeated the Austrians
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
Tirol, Tyrol - a picturesque mountainous province of western Austria and northern Italy
Austrian capital, capital of Austria, Vienna - the capital and largest city of Austria; located on the Danube in northeastern Austria; was the home of Beethoven and Brahms and Haydn and Mozart and Schubert and Strauss
Graz - an industrial city is southeastern Austria
Lentia, Linz - city in northern Austria on the Danube; noted as a cultural center
Salzburg - city in western Austria; a music center and birthplace of Mozart
Innsbruck - city in southwestern Austria; known as a summer and winter resort
Wagram - a town in northeastern Austria
Alps, the Alps - a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction
Brenner Pass - an Alpine mountain pass connecting Innsbruck in Austria with Bolzano in Italy that has long been a route for trade and for invasions
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Tyrolean Alps - a popular tourist area in the Tyrol
Austrian - a native or inhabitant of Austria
Translations
Австрия
Rakousko
Østrig
AŭstrioAŭstrujo
Austria
Itävalta
Austrija
Ausztria
Austria
Austurríki
オーストリア墺太利
오스트리아
Austria
Austrija
Austrija
Austria
Avstrija
Österrike
ประเทศออสเตรีย
Австрія
Áonước Áo

Austria

[ˈɒstrɪə] NAustria f

Austria

[ˈɒstriə] nAutriche f
in Austria → en Autriche

Austria

nÖsterreich nt

Austria

[ˈɒstrɪə] nl'Austria

Austria

النِمْسا Rakousko Østrig Österreich Αυστρία Austria Itävalta Autriche Austrija Austria オーストリア 오스트리아 Oostenrijk Østerrike Austria Áustria Австрия Österrike ประเทศออสเตรีย Avusturya nước Áo 奥地利
References in classic literature ?
When Otto left Austria to come to America, he was asked by one of his relatives to look after a woman who was crossing on the same boat, to join her husband in Chicago.
If it had been only a Hungarian youth, now bravely defending in some mountain fastness the retreat of fugitives escaping from Austria into America, this would have been sublime heroism; but as it was a youth of African descent, defending the retreat of fugitives through America into Canada, of course we are too well instructed and patriotic to see any heroism in it; and if any of our readers do, they must do it on their own private responsibility.
King Richard was absent a prisoner, and in the power of the perfidious and cruel Duke of Austria.
The political deadlock between Austria and Hungary shuts out any immediate hope of a happier life for the telephone in those countries; but in Russia there has recently been a change in policy that may open up a new era.
It was known as a fact that the Most Serene Don John of Austria, natural brother of our good king Don Philip, was coming as commander-in-chief of the allied forces, and rumours were abroad of the vast warlike preparations which were being made, all which stirred my heart and filled me with a longing to take part in the campaign which was expected; and though I had reason to believe, and almost certain promises, that on the first opportunity that presented itself I should be promoted to be captain, I preferred to leave all and betake myself, as I did, to Italy; and it was my good fortune that Don John had just arrived at Genoa, and was going on to Naples to join the Venetian fleet, as he afterwards did at Messina.
In that memorable struggle for superiority between the rival houses of AUSTRIA and BOURBON, which so long kept Europe in a flame, it is well known that the antipathies of the English against the French, seconding the ambition, or rather the avarice, of a favorite leader,[10] protracted the war beyond the limits marked out by sound policy, and for a considerable time in opposition to the views of the court.
Indeed, the preceding year, the royal houses of Holland, Austria, and England had concluded a treaty of alliance at the Hague, with the intention of plucking the crown of Spain from the head of Philip V, and placing it on that of an archduke to whom they prematurely gave the title of Charles III.
But there is the cardinal always at hand, who does not leave me a moment's repose; who talks to me about Spain, who talks to me about Austria, who talks to me about England
Roberto of San Severino; died fighting for Venice against Sigismund, Duke of Austria, in 1487.
It is said that Mazarin, who, though a cardinal, had not taken such vows as to prevent it, was secretly married to Anne of Austria.
Anne of Austria held the cards against the cardinal, and her daughter-in-law assisted her in the game, when she was not engaged in smiling at her husband.
Not that he was a profound politician, nor was he borrowing trouble about the possible consequences of the marriage of his cousin Marguerite de Bourgoyne to his cousin Charles, Dauphin de Vienne; nor as to how long the good understanding which had been patched up between the Duke of Austria and the King of France would last; nor how the King of England would take this disdain of his daughter.