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A landlocked country of central Europe. Settled by Celtic tribes, the region was conquered (15 bc-ad 10) by the Romans and later (8th century) by Charlemagne, who made it a border state of the Carolingian Empire. In the 13th century, Austria passed to the Habsburg family and remained the core of their vast holdings until the dissolution of Austria-Hungary in 1918, when Austria became a republic. Annexed by Adolf Hitler in 1938 and occupied by French, British, Soviet, and American forces in 1945 at the end of World War II, Austria regained full sovereignty in 1955. Vienna is the capital and the largest city.
Aus′tri·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in central Europe: ruled by the Hapsburgs from 1282 to 1918; formed a dual monarchy with Hungary in 1867 and became a republic in 1919; a member of the European Union; contains part of the Alps, the Danube basin in the east, and extensive forests. Official language: German. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Vienna. Pop: 8 221 646 (2013 est). Area: 83 849 sq km (32 374 sq miles). German name: Österreich
Aus•tri•a(ˈɔ stri ə)
a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich.
Aus′tri•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Austria - a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century|
battle of Wagram, Wagram - a battle in the Napoleonic campaigns (1809); Napoleon defeated the Austrians
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
Austrian capital, capital of Austria, Vienna - the capital and largest city of Austria; located on the Danube in northeastern Austria; was the home of Beethoven and Brahms and Haydn and Mozart and Schubert and Strauss
Graz - an industrial city is southeastern Austria
Salzburg - city in western Austria; a music center and birthplace of Mozart
Innsbruck - city in southwestern Austria; known as a summer and winter resort
Wagram - a town in northeastern Austria
Alps, the Alps - a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction
Brenner Pass - an Alpine mountain pass connecting Innsbruck in Austria with Bolzano in Italy that has long been a route for trade and for invasions
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Tyrolean Alps - a popular tourist area in the Tyrol
Austrian - a native or inhabitant of Austria
Austria[ˈɒstrɪə] N → Austria f
n → Österreich nt