Indian languages represent all four families of languages, including Indo-European (Spanish, English, Hindi, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, German, Marathi, French, Italian, Punjabi, and Urdu, of which five languages are native to India), Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic
, and Tibeto-Burman.
Ethnic groups (2005 Census identified 49 ethnic groups): Tai-Kadai language family (6 ethnic groups)--65% Austro-Asiatic
(Mon-Khmer and Viet-Muong) language family (30 ethnic groups)--24% Hmong-Yao (2 ethnic groups)--8%; Tibeto-Burman (8 ethnic groups)--3%; other ethnic groups (including Vietnamese and Chinese)--0.
In Assam, the Rongali Bihu draws from many different traditions such as Austro-Asiatic
, Sino-Burmese and Indo-Aryan, and is celebrated with particular fervor.
A linguistic map of insular Southeast Asia reveals the Malay peninsula as an island, metaphorically speaking, of Austro-Asiatic
languages in a sea of Austronesian (Map 1).
The Bramhmi script grew out of phonetic and metrical insights into the process and mechanisms of speech articulation, and is used today in Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic
, and Tibeto-Burman languages throughout southern Asia.
Interestingly, although Austro-Asiatic
groups are exclusively endogamous and tribes are dispersed in small inbreeding groups in central and eastern India, the heterozygosities of all the SNPs were high, ranging from 0.
As part of this project, it was decided to prepare a volume of surveys, all adhering to a predetermined common format, each concerning anaphora in a selected Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, or Austro-Asiatic
The penalty is most severe for speakers of Chinese home language (-$5,702), followed by other Indo-Iranian languages (-$4,660), then Austro-Asiatic
languages (-$4,206), and then by Spanish (-$3,612).