operant conditioning

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Related to Avoidance learning: latent learning, Operant learning, Primary reinforcement

operant conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior increases or decreases in response to reinforcement or punishment that occurs when the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the behavior with the pleasure from the reinforcement or the displeasure from the punishment.
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Noun1.operant conditioning - conditioning in which an operant response is brought under stimulus control by virtue of presenting reinforcement contingent upon the occurrence of the operant response
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
instrumental conditioning - operant conditioning that pairs a response with a reinforcement in discrete trials; reinforcement occurs only after the response is given
References in periodicals archive ?
It covers basic concepts and definitions, the structure of unconditioned behavior, habituation and sensitization, instrumental or operant conditioning, schedules and theories of reinforcement, punishment, avoidance learning, stimulus control of behavior, and other topics.
Explanations of avoidance learning postulate that organisms are motivated to both avoid or escape fear and seek safety (Rachman 1998).
Since little research on the effects of antioxidants in preventing complications of zinc oxide nanoparticles has been observed especially in memory and cognitive processes, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on long-term memory of the passive avoidance learning in the presence and absence of vitamin Cin adult male rats.
According to the paper, the anterior cingulate cortex of the brain is "associated with error processing, conflict monitoring, response selection, and avoidance learning.
Total duration of experiment was 42 days and the passive avoidance learning test was performed after 21 days.
The studies indicated that intensity level may be a determining factor in the beneficial or detrimental effects of exercise on passive avoidance learning performance.
To achieve this aim, we investigated lipid peroxidation, glutathione levels, liver, spleen and ileal pathological injuries, body weight gain, grip strength and active avoidance learning in mouse mothers and pups.
2007) Intra hippocampal injection of testosterone impaired acquisition, consolidation and retrieval of inhibitory avoidance learning and memory in adult male rats.
Role of hippocamapal NO in the acquisition and consolidation of inhibitor avoidance learning.
As Overmier and Hollis (1990) described, "the conundrum of avoidance learning is how the omission of an event can function to reinforce avoidance behavior; after all the animal makes the designated response and nothing happens" (p.
Only one trial was carried out per day, which greatly reduces the possibility of avoidance learning by stingless bees (Craig 1994b).